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The estrogen receptors ERalpha and ERbeta are recognized as important pharmaceutical targets for a variety of diseases including osteoporosis and breast cancer. A series of novel benzoxepin-derived compounds are described as potent selective modulators of the human estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs). We report the antiproliferative effects of these(More)
Prostate cancer (PCa) therapy typically involves administration of "classical" antiandrogens, competitive inhibitors of androgen receptor (AR) ligands, dihydrotestosterone (DHT) and testosterone (tes), for the ligand-binding pocket (LBP) in the ligand-binding domain (LBD) of AR. Prolonged LBP-targeting leads to resistance, and alternative therapies are(More)
A series of novel beta-lactam containing compounds are described as antiproliferative agents and potential selective modulators of the oestrogen receptor. The purpose of the study is to evaluate the antiproliferative effects of these compounds on human MCF-7 and MDA MB-231 breast cancer cells. The compounds are designed to contain three aryl ring(More)
The synthesis and antiproliferative activity of a new series of rigid analogues of combretastatin A-4 are described which contain the 1,4-diaryl-2-azetidinone (β-lactam) ring system in place of the usual ethylene bridge present in the natural combretastatin stilbene products. These novel compounds are also substituted at position 3 of the β-lactam ring with(More)
Competitive polymerase chain reaction assays have been developed for the quantitation of oestrogen receptor mRNA and two oestrogen-regulated mRNAs (progesterone receptor and pNR-2/pS2) in breast cancer cells. These assays are more sensitive than traditional hybridisation techniques, do not require the use of radioisotopes, measure absolute amounts of(More)
The capacity of T-lymphocytes to migrate and localise in tissues is important in their protective function against infectious agents, however, the ability of these cells to infiltrate the tumour microenvironment is a major contributing factor in the development of cancer. T-cell migration requires ligand (ICAM-1)/integrin (LFA-1) interaction, activating(More)
A facile 6-exo-trig cyclization of sigma-aromatic radicals has allowed the synthesis of various aromatic ring fused benzimidazoles and benzimidazolequinones. The most highly conjugated naphthyl fused benzimidazolequinone, (5-methyl-5,6-dihydrobenzimidazo[2,1-a]benzo[f]isoquinoline-8,11-dione) showed the highest specificity towards human cervical (HeLa) and(More)
The structure-activity relationships of antiproliferative β-lactams, focusing on modifications at the 4-position of the β-lactam ring, is described. Synthesis of this series of compounds was achieved utilizing the Staudinger and Reformatsky reactions. The antiproliferative activity was assessed in MCF-7 cells, where the 4-(4-ethoxy)phenyl substituted(More)
Combretastatin A-4 (CA-4) is a naturally occurring microtubular-destabilising agent that possesses potent anti-tumour and anti-vascular properties both in vitro and in vivo. Clinical trials to date indicate that its water-soluble prodrug, combretastatin A-4 phosphate (CA-4P), is well tolerated at therapeutically useful doses. However, the stilbenoid(More)
Twelve novel β-lactams were synthesized and their antiproliferative effects and binding affinity for the predominant isoforms of the estrogen receptor (ER), ERα and ERβ, were determined. β-Lactams 23 and 26 had the strongest binding affinities for ERα (IC50 values: 40 and 8 nM, respectively) and ERβ (IC50 values: 19 and 15 nM). β-Lactam 26 was the most(More)