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The estrogen receptors ERalpha and ERbeta are recognized as important pharmaceutical targets for a variety of diseases including osteoporosis and breast cancer. A series of novel benzoxepin-derived compounds are described as potent selective modulators of the human estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs). We report the antiproliferative effects of these(More)
Combretastatin-A4 (CA-4) is a natural derivative of the African willow tree Combretum caffrum. CA-4 is one of the most potent antimitotic components of natural origin, but it is, however, intrinsically unstable. A novel series of CA-4 analogs incorporating a 3,4-diaryl-2-azetidinone (β-lactam) ring were designed and synthesized with the objective to prevent(More)
The synthesis and antiproliferative activity of a new series of rigid analogues of combretastatin A-4 are described which contain the 1,4-diaryl-2-azetidinone (β-lactam) ring system in place of the usual ethylene bridge present in the natural combretastatin stilbene products. These novel compounds are also substituted at position 3 of the β-lactam ring with(More)
A series of novel beta-lactam containing compounds are described as antiproliferative agents and potential selective modulators of the oestrogen receptor. The purpose of the study is to evaluate the antiproliferative effects of these compounds on human MCF-7 and MDA MB-231 breast cancer cells. The compounds are designed to contain three aryl ring(More)
The capacity of T-lymphocytes to migrate and localise in tissues is important in their protective function against infectious agents, however, the ability of these cells to infiltrate the tumour microenvironment is a major contributing factor in the development of cancer. T-cell migration requires ligand (ICAM-1)/integrin (LFA-1) interaction, activating(More)
The structure-activity relationships of antiproliferative β-lactams, focusing on modifications at the 4-position of the β-lactam ring, is described. Synthesis of this series of compounds was achieved utilizing the Staudinger and Reformatsky reactions. The antiproliferative activity was assessed in MCF-7 cells, where the 4-(4-ethoxy)phenyl substituted(More)
The synthesis and study of the structure-activity relationships of a series of rigid analogues of combretastatin A-4 are described which contain the 1,4-diaryl-2-azetidinone (β-lactam) ring system in place of the usual ethylene bridge present in the natural combretastatin stilbene products. The 1,4-diaryl-2-azetidinones are unsubstituted at C-3, or contain(More)
We have synthesized a series of polymethoxylated rigid analogs of combretastatin A-4 which contain a benzoxepin ring in place of the usual ethylene bridge present in the natural combretastatin products. The compounds display antiproliferative activity when evaluated against the MCF-7 and MDA human breast carcinoma cell lines.(More)
Prostate cancer (PCa) therapy typically involves administration of "classical" antiandrogens, competitive inhibitors of androgen receptor (AR) ligands, dihydrotestosterone (DHT) and testosterone (tes), for the ligand-binding pocket (LBP) in the ligand-binding domain (LBD) of AR. Prolonged LBP-targeting leads to resistance, and alternative therapies are(More)
Twelve novel β-lactams were synthesized and their antiproliferative effects and binding affinity for the predominant isoforms of the estrogen receptor (ER), ERα and ERβ, were determined. β-Lactams 23 and 26 had the strongest binding affinities for ERα (IC50 values: 40 and 8 nM, respectively) and ERβ (IC50 values: 19 and 15 nM). β-Lactam 26 was the most(More)