Miriam Alper

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Aluminum foil and plastic mulch, covering 57-83% of the ground in peppers from emergence, effectively protected the crop against aphid-borne cucumber mosaic and potato virus Y by repelling winged aphids. Aluminum foil and grey plastic sheets gave the best results, followed closely by white plastic on black. The mulches were most efficient during the first 3(More)
RNA was extracted from plants infected with avocado sunblotch viroid (ASBV) and was analyzed by electrophoresis in polyacrylamide gel. The ASBV related fraction was eluted from the gel, labelled with [32P] using polynucleotide kinase and used as a probe for hybridization with a purified ASBV-RNA preparation dot spotted on nitrocellulose paper. Positive(More)
The reliability of biochemical diagnostic methods for avocado sunblotch viroid (ASBV) was evaluated for the Israeli avocado propagation program. Polyacry-lamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) was compared with hybridization toin vitro 32P-labeled cDNA and ASBV-RNA probes. Although hybridization to a cDNA probe was the most sensitive method, not all known(More)
An isolate of tobacco mosaic virus (TMV-A) was obtained from healthy and sunblotch-infected avocado (Persea americana) seedlings. TMV-A resembled common TMV in particle morphology, RNA size and coat protein molecular weight. TMV-A coat protein differed from common TMV coat by a minimum of 22 amino acid exchanges including the presence of one methionine, and(More)
A virus, mechanically transmitted fromLilium longiflorum toChenopodium spp., was identified in morphological, serological and ultrastructural studies as tulip breaking virus (TBV). Data presented indicate that the isolate differs from other TBV strains in host range and ultrastructural pathology.
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