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At the end of mitosis, the nuclear lamins assemble to form the nuclear lamina during nuclear envelope formation in daughter cells. We have fused A-and B-type nuclear lamins to the green fluorescent protein to study this process in living cells. The results reveal that the A-and B-type lamins exhibit different pathways of assembly. In the early stages of(More)
The properties of keratin intermediate filaments (IFs) have been studied after transfection with green fluorescent protein (GFP)-tagged K18 and/or K8 (type I/II IF proteins). GFP-K8 and -K18 become incorporated into tonofibrils, which are comprised of bundles of keratin IFs. These tonofibrils exhibit a remarkably wide range of motile and dynamic activities.(More)
Peripherin is a neural intermediate filament protein that is expressed in peripheral and enteric neurons, as well as in PC12 cells. A determination of the motile properties of peripherin has been undertaken in PC12 cells during different stages of neurite outgrowth. The results reveal that non-filamentous, non-membrane bound peripherin particles and short(More)
The assembly and maintenance of an extended intermediate filament (IF) network in fibroblasts requires microtubule (MT) integrity. Using a green fluorescent protein-vimentin construct, and spreading BHK-21 cells as a model system to study IF-MT interactions, we have discovered a novel mechanism involved in the assembly of the vimentin IF cytoskeleton. This(More)
The motile properties of intermediate filament (IF) networks have been studied in living cells expressing vimentin tagged with green fluorescent protein (GFP-vimentin). In interphase and mitotic cells, GFP-vimentin is incorporated into the endogenous IF network, and accurately reports the behavior of IF. Time-lapse observations of interphase arrays of(More)
The herpesvirus entry mediator (HVEM), a member of the TNF receptor (TNFR) superfamily, can act as a molecular switch that modulates T cell activation by propagating positive signals from the TNF-related ligand LIGHT (TNFR superfamily 14), or inhibitory signals through the Ig superfamily member B and T lymphocyte attenuator (BTLA). Competitive binding(More)
Either herpesvirus entry mediator (HVEM, TNFRSF14) or nectin-1 (PVRL1) is sufficient for herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection of cultured cells. The contribution of individual receptors to infection in vivo and to disease is less clear. To assess this, Tnfrsf14(-/-) and/or Pvrl1(-/-) mice were challenged intravaginally with HSV-2. Infection of the vaginal(More)
Herpes virus entry mediator (HVEM) is one of two principal receptors mediating herpes simplex virus (HSV) entry into murine and human cells. It functions naturally as an immune signaling co-receptor, and may participate in enhancing or repressing immune responses depending on the natural ligand used. To investigate whether engagement of HVEM by HSV affects(More)
Hydrogen atom transfer reactions between the substrate and coenzyme are key mechanistic features of all adenosylcobalamin-dependent enzymes. For one of these enzymes, glutamate mutase, we have investigated whether hydrogen tunneling makes a significant contribution to the mechanism by examining the temperature dependence of the deuterium kinetic isotope(More)