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Animal studies have shown robust electrophysiological activity in the sensory cortex in the absence of stimuli or tasks. Similarly, recent human functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) revealed widespread, spontaneously emerging cortical fluctuations. However, it is unknown what neuronal dynamics underlie this spontaneous activity in the human brain.(More)
Human recognition performance is characterized by abrupt changes in perceptual states. Understanding the neuronal dynamics underlying such transitions could provide important insights into mechanisms of recognition and perceptual awareness. Here we examined patients monitored for clinical purposes with multiple subdural electrodes. The patients participated(More)
The functional organization of human sensory cortex was studied by comparing intracranial EEG (iEEG) recordings of local field potentials in neurosurgical patients with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) obtained in healthy subjects. Using naturalistic movie stimuli, we found a tight correlation between these two measures throughout the human(More)
In this pilot study, we examined the long-term treatment effect of donepezil on the quantitative EEG (qEEG) in 12 Alzheimer's disease patients. The qEEGs of the mean absolute and relative amplitudes of betal, alpha, theta and delta activities were obtained at baseline and during donepezil treatment. Comparisons of awake qEEG prior to and during treatment(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES A number of familial temporal lobe epilepsies (TLE) have been recently recognized. Mutations in LGI1 (leucine-rich, glioma-inactivated 1 gene) have been found in a few families with the syndrome of autosomal dominant partial epilepsy with auditory features (ADPEAF). The authors aimed to determine the spectrum of TLE phenotypes with(More)
The electroencephalograms (EEG) of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) were evaluated in relation to age, mental status and motor disability. Abnormalities, particularly mild slowing, were observed in 34% of 128 patients and more frequently in the elderly. While a slowing in occipital background activity was more frequent in demented patients, a(More)
In an attempt to evaluate EEG changes associated with dementia in Parkinson's disease (PD), we performed frequency analysis in three groups of 10 subjects each; two with PD, and one normal control group. The PD patient groups were matched for age, sex, severity and duration of disease, but were discordant for the existence of dementia. Normals were age- and(More)
Mental time travel allows individuals to mentally project themselves backwards and forwards in subjective time. This case report describes a young woman suddenly rendered amnesic as a result of bilateral hippocampal damage following an epileptic seizure and brain anoxia. Her neuropsychological profile was characterized by a high-average general level of(More)
We report a patient who was referred to our department because of generalized status epilepticus. His condition deteriorated rapidly and he died 1 month after admission. Autopsy confirmed the clinical diagnosis of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). CJD should be added to the list of rare but possible causes of generalized status epilepticus.
One of the puzzling aspects in the visual attention literature is the discrepancy between electrophysiological and fMRI findings: whereas fMRI studies reveal strong attentional modulation in the earliest visual areas, single-unit and local field potential studies yielded mixed results. In addition, it is not clear to what extent spatial attention effects(More)