Miri Michaeli

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T and B cell receptor repertoires are diversified by variable region gene rearrangement and selected based on functionality and lack of self-reactivity. Repertoires can also be defined based on phenotype and function rather than receptor specificity - such as the diversity of T helper cell subsets. Natural killer (NK) cell repertoires, in which each cell(More)
Understanding the dynamics of evolution of Follicular Lymphoma (FL) clones during disease progression is important for monitoring and targeting this tumor effectively. Genetic profiling of serial FL biopsies and examples of FL transmission following bone marrow transplant suggest that this disease may evolve by divergent evolution from a common ancestor(More)
Immunoglobulin (that is, antibody) and T cell receptor genes are created through somatic gene rearrangement from gene segment libraries. Immunoglobulin genes are further diversified by somatic hypermutation and selection during the immune response. Studying the repertoires of these genes yields valuable insights into immune system function in infections,(More)
High-throughput sequencing (HTS) yields tens of thousands to millions of sequences that require a large amount of pre-processing work to clean various artifacts. Such cleaning cannot be performed manually. Existing programs are not suitable for immunoglobulin (Ig) genes, which are variable and often highly mutated. This paper describes Ig High-Throughput(More)
The use of high throughput sequencing (HTS) technologies in biomedicine is expanding in a variety of fields in recent years. The 454 system is an HTS platform that is ideally suited to characterize B cell receptor (BCR) repertoires by sequencing of immunoglobulin (Ig) genes, as it is able to sequence stretches of several hundred nucleotides. Most studies(More)
The elderly immune system is characterized by reduced responses to infections and vaccines, and an increase in the incidence of autoimmune diseases and cancer. Age-related deficits in the immune system may be caused by peripheral homeostatic pressures that limit bone marrow B-cell production or migration to the peripheral lymphoid tissues. Studies of(More)
Chronic gastritis is characterized by gastric mucosal inflammation due to autoimmune responses or infection, frequently with Helicobacter pylori. Gastritis with H. pylori background can cause gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma (MALT-L), which sometimes further transforms into diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). However, gastric DLBCL can(More)
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INTRODUCTION Hypermutation and selection processes, characterizing T-dependent B cell responses taking place in germinal centers of lymph nodes, lead to B cell receptor affinity maturation. Those immune responses lead to the development of memory B cells and plasma cells that secrete high amounts of antibody molecules. The dynamics of B cell clonal(More)
Long-lived plasma cells are critical to humoral immunity as a lifelong source of protective antibodies. Antigen-activated B cells-with T-cell help-undergo affinity maturation within germinal centres and persist as long-lived IgG plasma cells in the bone marrow. Here we show that antigen-specific, induced IgM plasma cells also persist for a lifetime. Unlike(More)