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OBJECTIVE To study the long term neurodevelopmental outcome of children who participated in a randomised, double blind, placebo controlled study of early postnatal dexamethasone treatment for prevention of chronic lung disease. METHODS The original study compared a three day course of dexamethasone (n = 132) with a saline placebo (n = 116) administered(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the effect of early postnatal dexamethasone (days 1-3) on the incidence and severity of chronic lung disease in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome. METHODS A multicentre, randomised, placebo controlled, blinded study was carried out in 18 neonatal intensive care units in Israel. The primary outcome measure was survival(More)
Congenital asymmetric crying facies, a minor congenital anomaly due to absence or hypoplasia of the depressor anguli oris muscle on one side of the mouth, is associated at times with major congenital anomalies, most commonly in the cardiovascular system. In a prospective study of 5532 infants born at the Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Israel, during 12(More)
BACKGROUND We compared the clinical and demographic features of children with lower respiratory tract infection (LRI) caused by human metapneumovirus (HMPV), respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and influenza A virus and sought to determine whether coinfection by HMPV and other respiratory viruses leads to increased disease severity. METHODS Nasal wash(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are expressed in a wide variety of organisms, ranging from plants to animals, and are key posttranscriptional regulators of gene expression. Virally encoded miRNAs are unique in that they could potentially target both viral and host genes. Indeed, we have previously demonstrated that a human cytomegalovirus (HCMV)-encoded miRNA,(More)
PURPOSE Pediatric surgeons are increasingly called on by obstetrical colleagues to counsel parents about the implications of a prenatal ultrasound finding. Our understanding of the natural history of many prenatally diagnosed surgical conditions has grown significantly in recent years. Whether prenatal surgical consultation can influence perinatal course(More)
Mammalian prions refold host glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored PrP(C) into β-sheet-rich PrP(Sc). PrP(Sc) is rapidly truncated into a C-terminal PrP27-30 core that is stable for days in endolysosomes. The nature of cell-associated prions, their attachment to membranes and rafts, and their subcellular locations are poorly understood; live prion(More)
Wide excision of periampullary carcinoma is associated with low operative morbidity and mortality, but its effect on long-term survival, compared with that of pancreaticoduodenal resection, is controversial. Five patients with periampullary carcinoma were treated with wide local excision as a definitive procedure. There was no operative death, and four(More)
Two historical cohorts (1993-1994 and 2001) of preterm infants ventilated for respiratory distress syndrome were compared. Dexamethasone administration fell from 22% to 6%. Chronic lung disease in survivors rose slightly from 13% to 17%, and mortality fell from 21% to 15% (other causes). The effect of restriction of dexamethasone use on chronic lung disease(More)
One hundred and ten women conceived 143 times following induction of ovulation by gonadotrophins. The abortion rate was 21 per cent. Some bleeding occurred in 38-7 per cent of pregnancies and 54 per cent of them ended in abortion. For the 112 pregnancies reaching 20 weeks, the multiple pregnancy rate was 26-8 per cent (21 twins, 5 triplets, 3 quadruplets(More)