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PURPOSE Current American Urological Association treatment guidelines for vesicoureteral reflux do not include any recommendations pertaining to endoscopic therapy (subureteral injection of bulking agent). We performed a meta-analysis of the existing literature pertaining to endoscopic treatment to allow comparison with reports of open surgical correction.(More)
PURPOSE The American Urological Association established the Vesicoureteral Reflux Guideline Update Committee in July 2005 to update the management of primary vesicoureteral reflux in children guideline. The Panel defined the task into 5 topics pertaining to specific vesicoureteral reflux management issues, which correspond to the management of 3 distinct(More)
OBJECTIVES To study: (1) the prevalence of diurnal urinary incontinence (DI) and nocturnal enuresis (NE) in children with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) who underwent surgery for their upper airway symptoms, (2) the postoperative rate of enuresis resolution, and (3) factors that may predict lack of improvement post surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS(More)
PURPOSE We investigated ethnic differences in the risk of post-pyelonephritic renal scarring in infants and children for possible genetic determinants. MATERIALS AND METHODS We searched all peer reviewed articles published from 1980 through 2006 in the PubMed(R), MEDLINE(R) (Ovid), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and EMBASE(R) databases for(More)
Evidence-based health care decision making requires comparison of all relevant competing interventions. In the absence of randomized controlled trials involving a direct comparison of all treatments of interest, indirect treatment comparisons and network meta-analysis provide useful evidence for judiciously selecting the best treatment(s). Mixed treatment(More)
BACKGROUND There is a paucity of data on long-term oncologic outcomes for patients undergoing robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) for prostate cancer (PCa). OBJECTIVE To evaluate oncologic outcomes in patients undergoing RARP at a high-volume tertiary center, with a focus on 5-yr biochemical recurrence-free survival (BCRFS). DESIGN, SETTING, AND(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this guideline is to provide a clinical framework for follow-up of clinically localized renal neoplasms undergoing active surveillance, or following definitive therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS A systematic literature review identified published articles in the English literature between January 1999 and 2011 relevant to key questions(More)
INTRODUCTION cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis (CTX) is an autosomal recessive disease caused by a deficiency of mitochondrial enzyme sterol 27-hydrolylase. Such a deficiency results in a reduced production of chenodeoxycholic acid and in an increased formation of cholestanol. It is clinically characterized by cataracts, diarrhoea, xanthomas, premature(More)
BACKGROUND Reports on long-term oncologic outcomes for patients who undergo robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) are scant, as for radical prostatectomy covering only the contemporary prostate-specific antigen (PSA) era. OBJECTIVE To evaluate cancer control in men who underwent RARP at least 10 yr ago. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS From 2001(More)
OBJECTIVE The prevalence of metabolic syndrome has been increasing worldwide, however its association with prostate cancer (CaP) is unclear. We reviewed patients undergoing robot assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) to evaluate if those with metabolic syndrome had more aggressive disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS A prospective database of patients(More)