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PURPOSE Current American Urological Association treatment guidelines for vesicoureteral reflux do not include any recommendations pertaining to endoscopic therapy (subureteral injection of bulking agent). We performed a meta-analysis of the existing literature pertaining to endoscopic treatment to allow comparison with reports of open surgical correction.(More)
PURPOSE The American Urological Association established the Vesicoureteral Reflux Guideline Update Committee in July 2005 to update the management of primary vesicoureteral reflux in children guideline. The Panel defined the task into 5 topics pertaining to specific vesicoureteral reflux management issues, which correspond to the management of 3 distinct(More)
Evidence-based health care decision making requires comparison of all relevant competing interventions. In the absence of randomized controlled trials involving a direct comparison of all treatments of interest, indirect treatment comparisons and network meta-analysis provide useful evidence for judiciously selecting the best treatment(s). Mixed treatment(More)
OBJECTIVES To study: (1) the prevalence of diurnal urinary incontinence (DI) and nocturnal enuresis (NE) in children with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) who underwent surgery for their upper airway symptoms, (2) the postoperative rate of enuresis resolution, and (3) factors that may predict lack of improvement post surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS(More)
PURPOSE The American Urological Association established the Vesicoureteral Reflux Guideline Update Committee in July 2005 to update the management of primary vesicoureteral reflux in children guideline. The Panel defined the task into 5 topics pertaining to specific vesicoureteral reflux management issues, which correspond to the management of 3 distinct(More)
PURPOSE We investigated ethnic differences in the risk of post-pyelonephritic renal scarring in infants and children for possible genetic determinants. MATERIALS AND METHODS We searched all peer reviewed articles published from 1980 through 2006 in the PubMed(R), MEDLINE(R) (Ovid), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and EMBASE(R) databases for(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this guideline is to provide a clinical framework for follow-up of clinically localized renal neoplasms undergoing active surveillance, or following definitive therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS A systematic literature review identified published articles in the English literature between January 1999 and 2011 relevant to key questions(More)
BACKGROUND Ongoing efforts are focused on minimizing or eliminating renal ischemia during robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RPN). Although various techniques allowing the elimination of renal hilar clamping have been described, large multi-institutional studies assessing perioperative and functional outcomes of this approach are lacking. OBJECTIVE To(More)
BACKGROUND Reports on long-term oncologic outcomes for patients who undergo robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) are scant, as for radical prostatectomy covering only the contemporary prostate-specific antigen (PSA) era. OBJECTIVE To evaluate cancer control in men who underwent RARP at least 10 yr ago. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS From 2001(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of our study was to objectively examine the temporal utilization patterns of CT pulmonary angiography in emergency department and hospitalized patients in an academic tertiary care center. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Patients who underwent CT examination for suspected pulmonary embolism either through our emergency department or as(More)