Mirella de Civita

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Although numerous paediatric-based health-related quality-of-life (HR-QOL) instruments are currently in use, there still remain conceptual, methodological and developmental issues to address. This paper provides an up-to-date critical review of the HR-QOL literature in paediatric medicine. Our analysis indicates that there is no consensus on how HR-QOL and(More)
OBJECTIVE Discordance between patients' and physicians' health perceptions and satisfaction with the office visit in fibromyalgia (FM) has not been examined. We investigated this phenomenon to identify demographic, clinical, and psychosocial factors associated with patient-physician discordance on physical functioning, well being, and satisfaction with the(More)
BACKGROUND Optimal management of type 2 diabetes requires achievement of optimal glucose, blood pressure and lipid targets through promotion of prudent diet, regular physical activity and adherence to necessary medication. This may require the development of new programs for the coordination of required multidisciplinary services. Diffusion of innovations(More)
AIMS To assess barriers and facilitators of participation in a supervised exercise programme, and adherence to exercise after programme completion. METHODS Focus group discussions addressed factors which could facilitate attendance, current engagement in exercise, reasons for continuing or discontinuing regular exercise and ways to integrate exercise into(More)
BACKGROUND The high glucose levels typically occurring among adults with type 2 diabetes contribute to blood vessel injury and complications such as blindness, kidney failure, heart disease, and stroke. Higher physical activity levels are associated with improved glycemic control, as measured by hemoglobin A1C. A 1% absolute increase in A1C is associated(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this paper is to integrate and draw attention to research findings that support our conceptualization of adherence as being multidimensional, dynamic, and involving a triadic partnership. METHODS A review of relevant articles found in Medline, PsychLit, and reference lists provided in pertinent articles was performed. RESULTS(More)
Our study sought to identify barriers to optimal care for individuals with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Our study was set in a population with universal access to comprehensive health care in the context of a university hospital health network. Using purposive sampling, we invited RA patients, health professionals, and decision makers from urban and rural(More)
OBJECTIVE We performed a qualitative study among women within 5 years of Gestational Diabetes (GDM) diagnosis. Our aim was to identify the key elements that would enhance participation in a type 2 diabetes (DM2) prevention program. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Potential participants received up to three invitation letters from their GDM physician. Four(More)
Although cross-sectional studies have identified correlates of dysfunction in fibromyalgia (FM) patients (e.g., psychological distress and pain), predictors of health status have not been previously investigated using a longitudinal research design. We gathered data from 156 women who met American College of Rheumatology criteria for primary FM recruited(More)
Using the focus group methodology, this study identified personal and structural barriers to the engagement of significant others in an outpatient addictions treatment program. Twenty-eight significant others (family members, other kin, and friends) associated with 21 patients participated in one of three focus group sessions. The cut-and-paste technique(More)