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Intermittent parathyroid hormone (PTH) is anabolic for bone. Our aims were to determine (1) whether PTH stimulates bone angiogenesis and (2) whether vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF A) mediates PTH-induced bone accrual. Male Wistar rats were given PTH(1-84) daily, and trabecular bone mass increased 150% and 92% after 30 and 15 days, respectively.(More)
OBJECTIVE Aggrecan is degraded by Aggrecanases (ADAMTS-4 and -5) and MMPs, which cleave its core protein at different sites. Transforming growth factor (TGF)beta is known to stimulate matrix formation in cartilage, and ADAMTS-4 production in synoviocytes. The aim of this in-vitro study was to examine the effects of TGFbeta on aggrecanase production in human(More)
The Ikaros gene encodes a zinc-finger transcription factor required during early B cell development, as B-lineage cells are absent in mice lacking Ikaros. Here we describe a novel Ikaros-targeted mouse line carrying a beta-galactosidase reporter in which low amounts of Ikaros proteins remain expressed. In homozygote animals, B cells are absent during fetal(More)
Adult Ibsp-knockout mice (BSP-/-) display shorter stature, lower bone turnover and higher trabecular bone mass than wild type, the latter resulting from impaired bone resorption. Unexpectedly, BSP knockout also affects reproductive behavior, as female mice do not construct a proper "nest" for their offsprings. Multiple crossing experiments nonetheless(More)
Using an mGluR2 FRET-based binding assay, binders of the transmembrane region devoid of functional activity were identified. It is reported that slight chemical modifications of these SAMs can dramatically change activity of the resulting analogues without altering their affinities. Starting from compound 1, three mGluR2 NAMs showing also mGluR3 PAM(More)
Metabolic and bone effects were investigated in growing (G, n = 45) and mature (M, n = 45) rats fed a high-fat/high-sucrose diet (HFS) isocaloric to the chow diet of controls (C, n = 30 per group). At week 19, a subset of 15 rats in each group (HFS or C, at both ages) was analyzed. Then one-half of the remaining 30 HFS rats in each groups continued HFS and(More)
Cartilage loss in osteoarthritis is characterized by matrix degradation and chondrocyte death. The lipid messenger ceramide is implicated in signal transduction of the catabolic cytokines tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and interleukin-1 (IL-1), as well as in apoptosis. The aim of this study was to examine the in vitro effects of ceramide on proteoglycan(More)
The effects of low-magnitude, high-frequency (LMHF) mechanical stimulation on osteoblastic cells are poorly understood. We have developed a system that generates very small (15-40 με), high-frequency (400 Hz, sine) deformations on osteoblast cultures (MC3T3-E1). We investigated the effects of these LMHF stimulations mainly on extracellular matrix (ECM)(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the effects of agonists of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) gamma on proteoglycan degradation induced by interleukin (IL)-1beta or tumor necrosis factor (TNF)alpha in cartilage in vitro. DESIGN Proteoglycan degradation was measured as release of radioactivity from rat cartilage explants previously labeled with(More)
Osteopontin (OPN) and bone sialoprotein (BSP) are coexpressed in osteoblasts and osteoclasts, and display overlapping properties. We used daily injection of parathyroid hormone 1-84 (iPTH) over the calvaria of BSP knockout (-/-) mice to investigate further their functional specificity and redundancy. iPTH stimulated bone formation in both +/+ and -/- mice,(More)