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PURPOSE To assess the efficacy of irinotecan (CPT-11) in the treatment of advanced colorectal cancer in both chemotherapy-naive and pretreated patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS Two hundred thirteen patients (aged 18 to 75 years) with metastatic colorectal cancer, World Health Organization (WHO) performance status < or = 2, and life expectancy > or = 3 months(More)
Adriamycin is a potent chemotherapeutic agent used in the treatment of human neoplastic diseases. A major side effect limiting the use of this drug is its toxic effect on the heart. Several hypotheses have been proposed to explain the cardiotoxicity of Adriamycin. However, the most plausible hypothesis seems to be the reduction of Adriamycin and free(More)
The permeability transition pore (PTP) is a mitochondrial inner membrane Ca(2+)-sensitive channel that plays a key role in different models of cell death. Because functional links between the PTP and the respiratory chain complex I have been reported, we have investigated the effects of rotenone on PTP regulation in U937 and KB cells. We show that rotenone(More)
The thymine oxidative lesion-5-hydroxymethyluracil (HMUra)-was measured in urine collected from cancer patients. These patients all received chemotherapy using Adriamycin. Adriamycin (ADR) intercalates DNA coils and interferes with normal cell metabolism through diverse biochemical mechanisms that may explain its different actions. The anticancer action of(More)
We measured the base 5-(hydroxymethyl) uracil (HMUra) and the nucleoside 8-oxo-7,8-dehydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxo-dGuo) in urine of adriamycin-treated cancer patients. Adriamycin has been shown to generate oxygen free radicals by various mechanisms. HMUra and 8-oxo-dGuo are two known lesions of DNA, produced by oxygen free reaction on thymine and(More)
BACKGROUND Docetaxel and irinotecan chemotherapy have shown good efficacy in the treatment of advanced oesophago-gastric cancer. This randomised phase II study evaluated the efficacy and toxicity profile of two non-platinum docetaxel-based doublet regimens in advanced oesophago-gastric cancer. METHODS Chemotherapy-naïve patients with advanced(More)
Proliferation and multidrug resistance status are key predictors of therapeutic outcome in acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). Anthracyclines such as daunorubicin (DNR) are typically used to treat AML and can induce drug resistance. The goal of the studies described here was to select a combination of fluorescent probes that could be used in combination with(More)
BACKGROUND Recombinant human interleukin-2 (aldesleukin) and recombinant human interferon alfa can induce notable tumor regression in a limited number of patients with metastatic renal-cell carcinoma. We conducted a multicenter, randomized trial to determine the effect of each cytokine independently and in combination, and to identify patients who are best(More)
The main objective of this prospective multicentre randomized phase III study was to compare a combined regimen of fotemustine plus whole brain irradiation with fotemustine alone in terms of cerebral response and time to cerebral progression in patients with melanoma cerebral metastases. Seventy-six patients were randomized to receive either fotemustine(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerance of recombinant human interferon gamma (rIFN-gamma) as second-line treatment in patients with persistent disease at second-look laparotomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS One hundred eight patients with residual disease at second-look laparotomy were treated with rIFN-gamma (20 x 10(6)(More)