Mireille Chevallet

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Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis has been instrumental in the birth and developments of proteomics, although it is no longer the exclusive separation tool used in the field of proteomics. In this review, a historical perspective is made, starting from the days where two-dimensional gels were used and the word proteomics did not even exist. The events(More)
Silver staining is used to detect proteins after electrophoretic separation on polyacrylamide gels. It combines excellent sensitivity (in the low nanogram range) with the use of very simple and cheap equipment and chemicals. It is compatible with downstream processing, such as mass spectrometry analysis after protein digestion. The sequential phases of(More)
Peroxiredoxins are often encountered as double spots when analysed by two-dimensional electrophoresis. The quantitative balance between these two spots depends on the physiological conditions, and is altered in favour of the acidic variant by oxidative stress for all the peroxiredoxins we could analyse. Using HeLa cells as a model system, we have further(More)
Severe quantitative loss of protein is often observed in high-resolution two-dimensional electrophoresis of membrane proteins, while the resolution is usually not affected. To improve the solubility of proteins in this technique, we tested denaturing cocktails containing various detergents and chaotropes. Best results were obtained with a denaturing(More)
The analysis of secreted proteins represents a challenge for current proteomics techniques. Proteins are usually secreted at low concentrations in the culture media, which makes their recovery difficult. In addition, culture media are rich in salts and other compounds interfering with most proteomics techniques, which makes selective precipitation of(More)
Copper oxide nanoparticles (CuO-NP) were studied for their toxicity and mechanism of action on hepatocytes (HepG2), in relation to Cu homeostasis disruption. Indeed, hepatocytes, in the liver, are responsible for the whole body Cu balance and should be a major line of defence in the case of exposure to CuO-NP. We investigated the early responses to(More)
Peroxiredoxins (prx) are redox enzymes using an activated cysteine as their active site. This activated cysteine can be easily overoxidized to cysteine sulfinic acid or cysteine sulfonic acid, especially under oxidative stress conditions. The regeneration of peroxiredoxins after a short, intense oxidative stress was studied, using a proteomics approach.(More)
Proteomics can be defined as the large-scale analysis of proteins. Due to the complexity of biological systems, it is required to concatenate various separation techniques prior to mass spectrometry. These techniques, dealing with proteins or peptides, can rely on chromatography or electrophoresis. In this review, the electrophoretic techniques are under(More)
We previously reported the sequencing of two genes (ndhA and ndhI) encoding two of the subunits of the type-I NADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase from Rhodobacter capsulatus (Rc). The present paper deals with the cloning and characterization of a chromosomal fragment clustering five new Rc genes which encode subunits of this enzyme. This gene cluster is located(More)
The NADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase (type I NDH) of Rhodobacter capsulatus is a multisubunit enzyme encoded by the 14 genes of the nuo operon. This bacterial enzyme constitutes a valuable model for the characterization of the mitochondrial Complex I structure and enzymatic mechanism for the following reasons. (i) The mitochondria-encoded ND subunits are not(More)