Mireille Basselin

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The uptake of [(3)H]pentamidine into wild-type and drug-resistant strains of Leishmania mexicana was compared. Uptake was carrier mediated. Pentamidine-resistant parasites showed cross-resistance to other toxic diamidine derivatives. A substantial decrease in accumulation of the drug accompanied the resistance phenotype, although the apparent affinity for(More)
Pentamidine-resistant clones of Leishmania donovani and L. amazonensis promastigotes were developed by increase of the drug pressure in the culture medium and characterized. The resistant clones could grow in 40 and 20 μM pentamidine as determined for L.␣donovani and L. amazonensis, respectively, with 50% inhibitory concentrations (IC50 values) being 140(More)
The transport of putrescine and spermidine into Leishmnania donovani promastigotes and Leishmania mexicana promastigotes and amastigotes has been characterised. Polyamine transport was shown to be saturable and temperature-sensitive for both developmental stages of Leishmania. Transport was pH-dependent with pH optima of 7.4 and 5.5 for promastigotes and(More)
Cytoplasmic and mitochondrial membranes were studied in wild-type promastigotes of Leishmania donovani and L. amazonensis treated with pentamidine and in the parasites resistant to this drug. Analyses by flow cytometry showed membrane fluidification in resistant cells and a modification of the lipidic metabolism in pentamidine-treated cells and in resistant(More)
The opportunistic pathogen Pneumocystis causes a type of pneumonia in individuals with defective immune systems such as AIDS patients. Atovaquone, an analog of ubiquinone (coenzyme Q [CoQ]), is effective in clearing mild to moderate cases of the infection. Rat-derived Pneumocystis carinii was the first organism in which CoQ synthesis was clearly(More)
Experiments to elucidate the mechanism by which Pneumocystis carinii transports glutamine, leucine, and serine were performed in this study. Uptake of all three radiolabeled amino acids exhibited first-order, saturation kinetics as extracellular substrate concentrations were increased, thus ruling out simple diffusion and indicating carrier-mediated(More)
In order to improve culture media and to discover potential drug targets, uptake of an acidic, a basic, and an aromatic amino acid were investigated. Current culture systems, axenic or co-cultivation with mammalian cells, do not provide either the quantity or quality of cells needed for biochemical studies of this organism. Insight into nutrient acquisition(More)
The lung pathogen Pneumocystis spp. is the causative agent of a type of pneumonia that can be fatal in people with defective immune systems, such as AIDS patients. Atovaquone, an analog of ubiquinone (coenzyme Q [CoQ]), inhibits mitochondrial electron transport and is effective in clearing mild to moderate cases of the infection. Purified rat-derived intact(More)