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The aim of this study was to use diffusion tensor imaging measures to determine the existence of white matter microstructural differences in the preclinical phases of Alzheimer's disease, assessing cognitively normal older individuals with positive amyloid β protein (Aβ42) levels (CN_Aβ42+) on the basis of normal cognition and cerebrospinal fluid Aβ42(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common neurodegenerative dementia. Approximately 10% of cases present at an age of onset before 65 years old, which in turn can be monogenic familial AD (FAD) or sporadic early-onset AD (sEOAD). Mutations in PSEN1, PSEN2, and APP genes have been linked with FAD. The aim of our study is to describe the brain whole-genome(More)
Most cases of early-onset Alzheimer's disease (EOAD) are sporadic. A minority of EOAD are caused by specific genetic defects in PSEN1, PSEN2, or AβPP genes. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarker comparisons between sporadic and monogenic EOAD are practically inexistent. CSF and MRI data from 14 amnestic-onset sporadic EOAD(More)
In this study functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is used to investigate the functional brain activation pattern in the preclinical stage of AD (pre-AD) subjects during a visual encoding memory task. Thirty subjects, eleven in the pre-AD stage, with decreased cerebrospinal fluid levels of Aβ42 (<500 pg/ml), and 19 controls with normal Aβ42 levels(More)
Cognitive reserve capacity may increase tolerance of neurodegenerative processes. However, its role regarding amyloid-β (Aβ42) deposition in cognitively normal subjects is not well understood. We aimed to investigate the association between areas showing Aβ42-related structural changes and cognitive reserve proxies in cognitively intact subjects showing(More)
Familial Alzheimer's disease provides the opportunity to investigate brain changes even before the symptoms onset. We performed a structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study in 38 participants from families with presenilin 1 gene mutations: 11 symptomatic mutation carriers, 13 asymptomatic mutation carriers (AMC), with a mean of 16.22 years before the(More)
INTRODUCTION Lumbar puncture (LP) is increasingly performed in memory clinics. We investigated patient-acceptance of LP, incidence of and risk factors for post-LP complications in memory clinic populations. METHODS We prospectively enrolled 3868 patients (50% women, age 66 ± 11 years, mini mental state examination 25 ± 5) at 23 memory clinics. We used(More)
Central nervous system Whipple's disease (CNS-WD) with clinically isolated neurological involvement is a rare condition fatal without an early diagnosis. We aimed to present clinical and neuropathological features of three cases of pre- or post-mortem polymerase chain reaction confirmed CNS-WD with distinct clinical presentation, outcome and pathological(More)
We report a 54-year-old man who was admitted to the hospital because of acute neurological symptoms due to a cerebral haemorrhage. Postmortem brain examination revealed a lobar haemorrhage and advanced AD neuropathologic changes associated with severe cerebral amyloid angiopathy. Genetic study evidenced the presence of a large APP locus duplication (APPdup)(More)
Mutations in the presenilin 1 (PSEN1) gene are the most frequent cause of familial Alzheimer's disease (AD), with at least 182 different mutations published to date. We report a 48-year-old woman (age at onset 47 years) who presented a progressive alteration of episodic memory, spatial disorientation, apathy, language disturbances and neglect of personal(More)