Miranda Y. Fong

Learn More
Reprogrammed glucose metabolism as a result of increased glycolysis and glucose uptake is a hallmark of cancer. Here we show that cancer cells can suppress glucose uptake by non-tumour cells in the premetastatic niche, by secreting vesicles that carry high levels of the miR-122 microRNA. High miR-122 levels in the circulation have been associated with(More)
Cancer-secreted microRNAs (miRNAs) are emerging mediators of cancer-host crosstalk. Here we show that miR-105, which is characteristically expressed and secreted by metastatic breast cancer cells, is a potent regulator of migration through targeting the tight junction protein ZO-1. In endothelial monolayers, exosome-mediated transfer of cancer-secreted(More)
Growing evidence links tumor progression with chronic inflammatory processes and dysregulated activity of various immune cells. In this study, we demonstrate that various types of macrophages internalize microvesicles, called exosomes, secreted by breast cancer and non-cancerous cell lines. Although both types of exosomes targeted macrophages, only(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are critical regulators of gene expression, and exert extensive impacts on development, physiology, and disease of eukaryotes. A high degree of parallelism is found in the molecular basis of miRNA biogenesis and action in plants and animals. Recent studies interestingly suggest a potential cross-kingdom action of plant-derived miRNAs,(More)
In this study, we characterized the metabolome of the human ovary and identified metabolic alternations that coincide with primary epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) and metastatic tumors resulting from primary ovarian cancer (MOC) using three analytical platforms: gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC/MS) and liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry(More)
Pituitary tumor transforming gene (PTTG) is a well-studied oncogene for its role in tumorigenesis and serves as a marker of malignancy in several cancer types including lung. In the present study, we defined the role of PTTG in actin cytoskeleton remodeling, cell migration and induction of epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) through the regulation of(More)
Cisplatin derivatives are used as the mainline treatment of ovarian cancer, despite their severe side effects and development of resistance. We developed a novel combination therapy by combining cisplatin with withaferin A. Treatment of ovarian cancer cell lines with combination therapy acted synergistically to induce cell death, thus required a lower dose(More)
UNLABELLED Transforming growth factor beta (TGFβ) proteins are multitasking cytokines, in which high levels at tumor sites generally correlate with poor prognosis in human patients with cancer. Previously, it was reported that TGFβ downregulates the expression of ataxia telangiectasia-mutated (ATM) and mutS homolog 2 (MSH2) in breast cancer cells through an(More)
Application of doxorubicin (Dox) for the treatment of cancer is restricted due to its severe side effects. We used combination strategy by combining doxorubicin (Dox) with withaferin A (WFA) to minimize the ill effects of Dox. Treatment of various epithelial ovarian cancer cell lines (A2780, A2780/CP70 and CaOV3) with combination of WFA and Dox (WFA/DOX)(More)
Ovarian cancer is the most lethal cancer of the female reproductive tract, accounting for ~15,000 deaths per year according to the National Cancer Institute and American Cancer Society. This review article covers risk factors for the development of ovarian cancer, current detection strategies, prognostic markers, treatment strategies, etiology of(More)