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Reprogrammed glucose metabolism as a result of increased glycolysis and glucose uptake is a hallmark of cancer. Here we show that cancer cells can suppress glucose uptake by non-tumour cells in the premetastatic niche, by secreting vesicles that carry high levels of the miR-122 microRNA. High miR-122 levels in the circulation have been associated with(More)
Growing evidence links tumor progression with chronic inflammatory processes and dysregulated activity of various immune cells. In this study, we demonstrate that various types of macrophages internalize microvesicles, called exosomes, secreted by breast cancer and non-cancerous cell lines. Although both types of exosomes targeted macrophages, only(More)
In this study, we characterized the metabolome of the human ovary and identified metabolic alternations that coincide with primary epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) and metastatic tumors resulting from primary ovarian cancer (MOC) using three analytical platforms: gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC/MS) and liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry(More)
Among other effects, prostaglandins (PG) of the E series are known to inhibit several acute and chronic inflammatory conditions in vivo and proinflammatory cytokine production by activated macrophages in culture. The research presented here demonstrates that the inhibitory effect of PGE2 on tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin 6 (IL-6)(More)
Application of doxorubicin (Dox) for the treatment of cancer is restricted due to its severe side effects. We used combination strategy by combining doxorubicin (Dox) with withaferin A (WFA) to minimize the ill effects of Dox. Treatment of various epithelial ovarian cancer cell lines (A2780, A2780/CP70 and CaOV3) with combination of WFA and Dox (WFA/DOX)(More)
Excitatory motor innervation to the internal anal sphincter (IAS) of the monkey, the rabbit and mouse were compared. Contractile responses to electrical field stimulation of nerves (EFS, atropine 1 micromol L(-1) and N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine 100 micromol L(-1) present throughout) were examined in isolated strips of IAS. In the monkey IAS, EFS caused(More)
Development of mouse models representing human spontaneous ovarian cancer has been hampered by the lack of understanding of the etiology of this very complex disease. Mouse models representing the different types of ovarian cancer are needed to understand how epithelial ovarian cancer differs from granulosa cell tumors. Many different methods have been used(More)
It was recently shown that interleukin (IL)-6 is an important mediator involved in the Colon (C)-26 model of experimental cancer cachexia. In this study, we wished to determine whether IL-6 is also involved in several metabolic changes associated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenge. Administration of a relatively high amount of LPS to mice induced a(More)
The neurotransmitter(s) underlying nitric oxide synthase (NOS)-independent neural inhibition in the internal anal sphincter (IAS) is still uncertain. The present study investigated the role of purinergic transmission. Contractile and electrical responses to electrical field stimulation of nerves (0.1-5 Hz for 10-60 s) were recorded in strips of mouse IAS. A(More)