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We have developed an in vitro clonal assay of murine hematopoietic precursor cells that form spleen colonies (CFU-S day 12) or produce in vitro clonable progenitors in the marrow (MRA cells) of lethally irradiated mice. The assay is essentially a long-term bone marrow culture in microtiter wells containing marrow-derived stromal "feeders" depleted for(More)
To gain more insight into initiation and regulation of T cell receptor (TCR) gene rearrangement during human T cell development, we analyzed TCR gene rearrangements by quantitative PCR analysis in nine consecutive T cell developmental stages, including CD34+ lin- cord blood cells as a reference. The same stages were used for gene expression profiling using(More)
Wnt signaling is essential for T cell development in the thymus, but the stages in which it occurs and the molecular mechanisms underlying Wnt responsiveness have remained elusive. Here we examined Wnt signaling activity in both human and murine thymocyte populations by determining beta-catenin levels, Tcf-reporter activation and expression of Wnt-target(More)
Canonical Wnt signaling has been implicated in various aspects of hematopoiesis. Its role is controversial due to different outcomes between various inducible Wnt-signaling loss-of-function models and also compared with gain-of-function systems. We therefore studied a mouse deficient for a Wnt gene that seemed to play a nonredundant role in hematopoiesis.(More)
Microarrays for gene expression profiling are rapidly becoming important research tools for the identification of novel markers, for example, for novel classification of leukemias and lymphomas. Here, we review the considerations and infrastructure for microarray experiments. These considerations are illustrated via a microarray-based comparison of gene(More)
We have identified a novel germline mutation in the PTEN tumour suppressor gene. The mutation was identified in a patient with a glioma, and turned out to be a heterozygous germline mutation of PTEN (Arg234Gln), without loss of heterozygosity in tumour DNA. The biological consequences of this germline mutation were investigated by means of transfection(More)
The newborn immune system differs quantitatively and functionally from that of adults. Development of the immune system has important implications for childhood diseases. The immaturity of the immune system in the first years of life may contribute to failure of tolerance induction and in the development of allergic disease. T cell function is diminished,(More)
BACKGROUND The immunological processes in early life and their relation to allergic sensitization leading to a Th2 cytokine profile are still not well understood. OBJECTIVE To analyse the environmental and genetic risk factors and immunological responses at birth in relation to the development of atopic disease at 12 months of age in a longitudinal study(More)
BACKGROUND Comèl-Netherton syndrome (CN) is characterized by atopic-eczema-like skin abnormalities combined with linear ichthyotic lesions, hair shaft abnormalities and atopy with high IgE levels. OBJECTIVE Five children with CN are described. In 2 of the 3 CN patients still alive, analysis of cytokines regulating IgE synthesis was performed. METHODS In(More)
Placental transferrin receptors, located at the apical side of syncytiotrophoblast, mediate placental iron uptake. Regulation of transferrin receptors on the fetal-maternal exchange area could be a major determinant in the regulation of trans-placental iron transport. Transferrin receptor expression in cultured human term cytotrophoblasts is on a much lower(More)