Learn More
Little information exists on the lifetime prevalence of traumatic events and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the general population of the Netherlands. A national representative sample of 1087 adults aged 18 to 80 years was selected using random digit dialing and then surveyed by telephone using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview(More)
BACKGROUND Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has inconsistently been associated with lower levels of cortisol. AIMS To compare basal cortisol levels in adults with current PTSD and in people without psychiatric disorder. METHOD Systematic review and meta-analysis. Standardised mean differences (SMD) in basal cortisol levels were calculated and(More)
Recent epidemiological studies in Afghanistan using mental health questionnaires yielded high prevalence rates for anxiety and depression. To explore the validity in the Afghan cultural context of two mental health questionnaires, the Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25 (HSCL-25) and the Self-Reporting Questionnaire-20 (SRQ-20). The two mental health(More)
BACKGROUND How best to plan and provide psychosocial care following disasters remains keenly debated. AIMS To develop evidence-informed post-disaster psychosocial management guidelines. METHOD A three-round web-based Delphi process was conducted. One hundred and six experts rated the importance of statements generated from existing evidence using a one(More)
CONTEXT Decades of armed conflict, suppression, and displacement resulted in a high prevalence of mental health symptoms throughout Afghanistan. Its Eastern province of Nangarhar is part of the region that originated the Taliban movement. This may have had a distinct impact on the living circumstances and mental health condition of the province's(More)
This paper outlines the state of affairs in psychobiological research on psychotrauma and PTSD with a focus on the role of the oxytocin system in traumatic stress. With a high prevalence of trauma and PTSD in the Netherlands, new preventive and therapeutic interventions are needed. The focus is on the role of social support and bonding in coming to grips(More)
A condensed test battery (the CODE) based on the Utrecht Coping List (UCL) and part of the Defense Mechanisms Inventory (DMI) has been developed to assess coping and defense in large population studies. It was tested for reliability and validity in students and back pain patients. Principal components factor analysis of the subscales of the UCL and DMI in(More)
Research suggests that about a quarter to a third of children with traffic-related injuries develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Early symptoms of PTSD have been found to predict poor mental and physical outcome in studies of medically injured children. However, these symptoms are rarely recognized by physicians who provide emergency care for these(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate differences between burnout patients and healthy controls regarding basal physiological values and physiological stress responses. Measures of the sympathetic-adrenergic-medullary (SAM) axis and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis were examined. METHODS SAM axis and HPA axis activity was compared between 22 burnout(More)
BACKGROUND A proposed explanation for memory impairments in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is stress-induced hippocampal damage due to elevated cortisol levels. We have previously reported smaller hippocampi in police officers with PTSD. In this study, we examined changes in and associations between cortisol, learning, memory, attention, and(More)