Miranda Mladinic

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Acute spinal cord injury evolves rapidly to produce secondary damage even to initially spared areas. The result is loss of locomotion, rarely reversible in man. It is, therefore, important to understand the early pathophysiological processes which affect spinal locomotor networks. Regardless of their etiology, spinal lesions are believed to include(More)
While excitotoxicity is a major contributor to the pathophysiology of acute spinal injury, its time course and the extent of cell damage in relation to locomotor network activity remain unclear. We used two in vitro models, that is, the rat isolated spinal cord and spinal organotypic cultures, to explore the basic characteristics of excitotoxicity caused by(More)
New spinal cord injury (SCI) cases are frequently due to non-traumatic causes, including vascular disorders. To develop mechanism-based neuroprotective strategies for acute SCI requires full understanding of the early pathophysiological changes to prevent disability and paralysis. The aim of our study was to identify the molecular and cellular mechanisms of(More)
Understanding the pathophysiological changes triggered by an acute spinal cord injury is a primary goal to prevent and treat chronic disability with a mechanism-based approach. After the primary phase of rapid cell death at the injury site, secondary damage occurs via autodestruction of unscathed tissue through complex cell-death mechanisms that comprise(More)
Changes in gene expression have been measured 24h after injury to mammalian spinal cords that can and cannot regenerate. In opossums there is a critical period of development when regeneration stops being possible: at 9 days postnatal cervical spinal cords regenerate, at 12 days they do not. By the use of marsupial cDNA microarrays, we detected 158 genes(More)
Treatment to block the pathophysiological processes triggered by acute spinal injury remains unsatisfactory as the underlying mechanisms are incompletely understood. Using as a model the in vitro spinal cord of the neonatal rat, we investigated the feasibility of neuroprotection of lumbar locomotor networks by the glutamate antagonists(More)
The current etiopathogenesis of spinal cord injury comprises a growing number of nontraumatic causes, including ischemia generating hypoxic-dysmetabolic conditions. To mimic the metabolic disruption accompanying nontraumatic acute spinal cord injury and to characterize the type and dynamics of cell death in relation to locomotor network function, we used,(More)
The aim of the present report was to investigate whether, in the mammalian spinal cord, cell death induced by transient excitotoxic stress could trigger activation and proliferation of endogenous neuroprogenitor cells as a potential source of a lesion repair process and the underlying time course. Because it is difficult to address these issues in vivo, we(More)
Comprehensive screens were made for genes that change their expression during a brief critical period in development when neonatal mammalian central nervous system (CNS) loses its capacity to regenerate. In newly born opossums older than 12 days regeneration ceases to occur in the cervical spinal cord. It continues for 5 more days in lumbar regions. The(More)
A major problem of neurobiology concerns the failure of injured mammalian spinal cord to repair itself. This review summarizes work done on two preparations in which regeneration can occur: the central nervous system of an invertebrate, the leech, and the spinal cord of an immature mammal, the opossum. The aim is to understand cellular and molecular(More)