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In subjects with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), hyperpolarized xenon-129 ((129)Xe) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) reveals significantly greater ventilation defects than hyperpolarized helium-3 ((3)He) MRI. The physiological and/or morphological determinants of ventilation defects and the differences observed between hyperpolarized (3)He and(More)
PURPOSE To quantitatively compare hyperpolarized helium 3 (3He) and xenon 129 (129Xe) magnetic resonance (MR) images obtained within 5 minutes in healthy volunteers and patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and to evaluate the correlations between 3He and 129Xe MR imaging measurements and those from spirometry and plethysmography. (More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to evaluate the tolerability of hyperpolarized (129)Xe gas inhaled from functional residual capacity and magnetic resonance imaging in healthy subjects and those with pulmonary disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twelve healthy volunteers (mean age, 59 ± 17 years), seven subjects with asthma (mean age,(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES To improve intra- and interobserver variability and enable the use of functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for multicenter, multiobserver studies, we generated a semiautomated segmentation method for hyperpolarized helium-3 ((3)He) MRI. Therefore the objective of this study was to compare the reproducibility and spatial(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate short-acting bronchodilator effects in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) by using hyperpolarized helium 3 (³He) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, spirometry, and plethysmography. MATERIALS AND METHODS Fourteen ex-smokers with COPD provided written informed consent to a local ethics board-approved and Health Insurance and(More)
PURPOSE Diffusion-weighted (DW) hyperpolarized (129) Xe morphometry magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be used to map regional differences in lung tissue micro-structure. We aimed to generate absolute xenon concentration ([Xe]) and alveolar oxygen partial pressure (pA O2 ) maps by extracting the unrestricted diffusion coefficient (D0 ) of xenon as a(More)
OBJECTIVES Our objective was to compare the results of thyroid surgery performed by residents in a large metropolitan public hospital (MPH) with those performed by faculty in a large private hospital (PH) setting. METHODS All records of thyroid surgery performed by otolaryngologists for the period between 1986 and 1998 were reviewed. Inclusion criteria(More)
PURPOSE To compare hyperpolarized helium-3 ((3) He) and xenon-129 ((129) Xe) MRI in asthmatics before and after salbutamol inhalation. MATERIALS AND METHODS Seven asthmatics provided written informed consent and underwent spirometry, plethysmography, and MRI before and after salbutamol inhalation. (3) He and (129) Xe ventilation defect percent (VDP) and(More)
A better understanding of the anatomic structure and physiological function of the lung is fundamental to understanding the pathogenesis of pulmonary disease and how to design and deliver better treatments and measure response to intervention. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with the hyperpolarised noble gases helium-3 ((3)He) and xenon-129 ((129)Xe)(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate cystic fibrosis (CF) subjects over 4 years using (3) He magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), pulmonary function tests, and track hospitalization and physician visits. MATERIALS AND METHODS Five CF adults provided written informed consent to an approved protocol and underwent MRI, spirometry, and plethysmography at baseline, 7 days, and 4(More)