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PURPOSE Diffusion-weighted (DW) hyperpolarized (129) Xe morphometry magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be used to map regional differences in lung tissue micro-structure. We aimed to generate absolute xenon concentration ([Xe]) and alveolar oxygen partial pressure (pA O2 ) maps by extracting the unrestricted diffusion coefficient (D0 ) of xenon as a(More)
PURPOSE The goal of this work was to investigate lung morphological changes associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) using hyperpolarized (129) Xe diffusion-weighted MRI. METHODS Hyperpolarized (129) Xe MRI was performed at three different nonzero diffusion sensitizations (b-value = 12, 20, and 30 s/cm(2) ) in the lungs of four(More)
Examining and quantifying changes in airway morphology is critical for studying longitudinal pathogenesis and interventions in diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma. Here we present fiber-optic optical coherence tomography (OCT) as a nondestructive technique to precisely and accurately measure the 2-dimensional cross-sectional(More)
BACKGROUND Thoracic computed tomography (CT) scans are widely performed in clinical practice, often leading to detection of airway or parenchymal abnormalities in asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic individuals. However, clinical relevance of CT abnormalities is uncertain in the general population. METHODS We evaluated data from 1361 participants aged(More)
Noble gas pulmonary magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is transitioning away from (3)He to (129)Xe gas, but the physiological/clinical relevance of (129)Xe apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) parenchyma measurements is not well understood. Therefore, our objective was to generate (129)Xe MRI ADC for comparison with (3)He ADC and with well-established(More)
Heterogeneity in regional end expiratory lung volume (EELV) may lead to variations in regional strain (ε). High ε levels have been associated with ventilator-associated lung injury (VALI). While both whole lung and regional EELV may be affected by changes in positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP), regional variations are not revealed by conventional(More)
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