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Cellular and cytokine responses to infection with Eimeria vermiformis were compared in BALB/c (resistant) and C57BL/6 (B6-susceptible) inbred mice. Cellular responses in the mesenteric lymph node (MLN) occurred sooner after primary infection in the resistant BALB/c strain. In contrast, proliferative responses occurred earlier after challenge in B6 mice.(More)
Sporulated oocysts or oocyst hulls of Eimeria acervulina given via the crop, and oocyst juice or sporozoites inoculated directly into the intestinal lumen, were tested for their effects on the hypersensitivity of the intestines of immunized and susceptible birds. Only viable sporozoites consistently caused an increase in the permeability of the immunized(More)
The effect of treatment with monoclonal antibodies (Mabs) which deplete CD4+ or CD8+ T lymphocytes, on infections with Eimeria spp. was examined in NIH mice. Treatment with anti-CD4 Mab increased susceptibility to primary infections with E. vermiformis or E. pragensis and reduced the subsequent resistance of the mice to homologous challenge. Similar(More)
Neutralization of endogenous gamma interferon by treatment with a rat monoclonal antibody caused enhancement of infection with the protozoon Eimeria vermiformis in naive BALB/c mice. The effect was dose dependent and was apparent when a monoclonal antibody was given at 2 h before infection or up to 7 days postinfection, but it decreased with increasing time(More)
The ELISA test was used for the detection of antibodies to coccidia in the serum and/or egg yolk of chickens infected with Eimeria acervulina, E. maxima or E. tenella and in the serum of rats infected with E. nieschulzi. Antigens prepared from different developmental stages of the parasite were tested and the cross-reaction between different species of(More)
The effect of infection and subsequent challenge with Eimeria maxima on the populations of lymphocytes in the small intestine of Light Sussex chickens was assessed by immunohistochemistry. T cells were characterized for CD3, CD4, CD8, TCR1 (gamma delta heterodimer) or TCR2 (alpha beta 1 heterodimer) markers, and B cells for the expression of IgM, IgA and(More)