Mira Varagunam

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Bicarbonate supplementation preserves renal function in experimental chronic kidney disease (CKD), but whether the same benefit occurs in humans is unknown. Here, we randomly assigned 134 adult patients with CKD (creatinine clearance [CrCl] 15 to 30 ml/min per 1.73 m(2)) and serum bicarbonate 16 to 20 mmol/L to either supplementation with oral sodium(More)
BACKGROUND The corresponding antigens of alloantibodies identified in patients awaiting kidney transplantation are often listed as unacceptable for transplantation. The use of solid phase testing, being more sensitive and accurate than conventional complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC) assays, has resulted in increased identification of alloantibodies. We(More)
Diabetic nephropathy is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease in the Western world. Poor glycemic control contributes to the development of diabetic nephropathy, but the mechanisms underlying high glucose-induced tissue injury are not fully understood. In the present study, the effect of high glucose on a proximal tubular epithelial cell (PTEC) line(More)
OBJECTIVES To study the effect of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) polymorphisms II, ID, and DD on erythropoietin (EPO) requirement in patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) therapy. DESIGN Retrospective observational study. SETTING CAPD Unit, Royal London/St. Bartholomews Hospital, London, UK. PATIENTS 46 patients on the(More)
OBJECTIVE Moderate renal impairment (RI) with a glomerular filtration rate (GFR) <60 ml/min/1.73 m2 is known to predict survival. The authors investigated whether mild RI with an estimated GFR of 60-89 ml/min/1.73 m2 independently predicts survival in a contemporary population with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). DESIGN This is a(More)
INTRODUCTION Delayed graft function (DGF) has a major impact on long-term renal transplant survival. However, it is a diagnosis made retrospectively with little opportunity to modify treatment protocols. A classification based on creatinine reduction ratio between days 1 and 2 (CRR2) suggests that patients with CRR2 less than or equal to 30% (nondialysis(More)
BACKGROUND The correction of anemia by recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) improves quality of life and prolongs life in end-stage renal failure. rHuEPO requirements for an individual are determined by a range of factors, including iron deficiency and inflammation. Single nucleotide polymorphisms in the promoter sequence of several proinflammatory(More)
BACKGROUND Complement activation plays a role in the development of chronic allograft nephropathy, a common cause of late allograft loss. The role of two complement component 3 (C3) allotypes, called C3F (fast) and C3S (slow) on the basis of their electrophoretic motility, in the long-term outcome of renal allografts remains controversial. METHODS We(More)
In renal transplantation, serum soluble CD30 (sCD30) levels in graft recipients are associated with increased rejection and graft loss. We investigated whether pre-transplant sCD30 concentrations are predictive of the grade of rejection. Pre-transplant sera of 51 patients with tubulointerstitial rejection (TIR), 16 patients with vascular rejection (VR) and(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic inflammation, the common pathway that leads to cardiovascular disease and chronic allograft nephropathy after transplantation, is prevalent in patients with end-stage renal failure. We set out to investigate the hypothesis that enhanced pretransplantation C-reactive protein (CRP) levels and Chlamydia seropositivity, both markers of an(More)