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The tyrosine kinase Src has been implicated in the process of osteoclast-mediated bone resorption. Here, we describe a novel class of Src inhibitors, substituted 5,7-diphenyl-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidines, and characterize one of them, CGP77675, in vitro and in models of bone resorption in vivo. In vitro, CGP77675 inhibited phosphorylation of peptide substrates(More)
Osteoclasts are cells of hematopoietic origin with a unique property of dissolving bone; their inhibition is a principle for treatment of diseases of bone loss. Protocols for generation of human osteoclasts in vitro have been described, but they often result in cells of low activity, raising questions on cell phenotype and suitability of such assays for(More)
Excess of Vitamin A (retinol) and related compounds (retinoids) induces bone fragility and is associated with increased hip fracture incidence in humans. Yet, their impact on the adult skeleton has been studied in relatively little detail. It is assumed that they induce generalized bone loss and decrease long-bone thickness due to reduction of radial bone(More)
To examine early events in osteoblast differentiation, we analyzed the expression of about 9,400 genes in the murine MC3T3 cell line, whose robust differentiation was documented cytochemically and molecularly. The cells were stimulated for 1 and 3 days with the osteogenic stimulus containing bone morphogenic protein 2. Total RNA was extracted and analyzed(More)
Cytokines macrophage colony stimulating factor (M-CSF) and the receptor activator of NFkappaB ligand (RANKL) induce differentiation of bone marrow hematopoietic precursor cells into bone-resorbing osteoclasts without the requirement for stromal cells of mesenchymal origin. We used this recently described mouse cell system and oligonucleotide microarrays(More)
5,7-Diphenyl-pyrrolo[2,3d]pyrimidines represent a new class of highly potent inhibitors of the tyrosine kinase c-Src (IC50 < 50 nM) with specificity against a panel of different tyrosine kinases. The substitution pattern on the two phenyl rings determines potency and specificity and provides a means to modulate cellular activity.
c-Src is a proto-oncogene, belonging to the nonreceptor protein kinases family, which plays a prominent role in carcinogenesis. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that c-Src could promote breast cancer metastasis acting on several cell types and that pharmacological disruption of its kinase activity could be beneficial for the treatment of metastases.(More)
The proliferation inhibitor of the macrolide class, everolimus, is a drug shown to be effective in the prevention of organ transplant rejection and to have a potential in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and certain cancers. As these diseases or their current treatments are associated with bone loss, we examined the effect of everolimus on mouse and(More)
Detailed kinetics reveal that EGF-induced S6 kinase activation is biphasic: an early phase appears at 10-15 min, followed by a late phase between 30 and 60 min. Both activities exhibit the same chromatographic behavior and sensitivity to phosphatase 2A. Direct activation of protein kinase C by TPA induces only late phase activity. Down-regulation of protein(More)
Fluoride is an acknowledged bone-forming agent that may act through stimulation of osteoblast proliferation. Fluoride's action on osteoblasts and bone is potentiated by aluminum, which can form a complex with fluoride (fluoroaluminate) and activate heterotrimeric G proteins. Here we examined signaling pathways activated by fluoroaluminate in MC3T3-E1(More)