Mira Rosenberg

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Owing to the extreme salinity (∼10 times saltier than the oceans), near toxic magnesium levels (∼2.0 M Mg2+), the dominance of divalent cations, acidic pH (6.0) and high-absorbed radiation flux rates, the Dead Sea represents a unique and harsh ecosystem. Measures of microbial presence (microscopy, pigments and lipids) indicate that during rare bloom events(More)
The high affinity of Acinetobacter calcoaceticus RAG-1 for liquid hydrocarbons permitted the isolation of a spontaneous nonadherent mutant, MR-481. Strain MR-481 exhibited no significant affinity for three test hydrocarbons, yet resembled the wild type in many properties, including production of the extracellular emulsifying agent emulsan. To study the role(More)
Acinetobacter calcoaceticus RAG-1, a hydrocarbon-degrading bacterium which adheres avidly to hydrocarbons and other hydrophobic surfaces, possesses numerous thin fimbriae (ca. 3.5-nm diameter) on the cell surface. MR-481, a nonadherent mutant of RAG-1 which is unable to grow on hexadecane under conditions of limited emulsification and low initial cell(More)
Proteorhodopsins, ubiquitous retinylidene photoactive proton pumps, were recently found in the widespread uncultured SAR86 bacterial group in oceanic surface waters. To survey proteorhodopsin diversity, new degenerate sets of proteorhodopsin primers were designed based on a genomic proteorhodopsin gene sequence originating from an Antarctic fosmid library.(More)
A simple replica method is described for the rapid identification of colonies of bacteria which adhere to polystyrene. A correlation was found between the adherence of bacterial strains to polystyrene and cell surface hydrophobicity, suggesting the use of this technique in screening for cell surface mutants and in the isolation of hydrophobic bacteria from(More)
To detect anoxygenic bacteria containing either type 1 or type 2 photosynthetic reaction centers in a single PCR, we designed a degenerate primer set based on the bchY gene. The new primers were validated in silico using the GenBank nucleotide database as well as by PCR on pure strains and environmental DNA.
Ultrastructure of cutaneous glands is described in the Australian hylid Litoria caerulea. Three main types of glands could be distinguished in both ventral and dorsal skin: mucous, serous or granular, and lipid glands. Both mucous, and to some extent, serous glands show a PAS-positive reaction. Some of the granular-serous glands react to lipid staining. In(More)
The morphology of Salamandra salamandra (Linné, 1758) larva gills is described by scanning and transmission electron microscopy. Three main cell types comprising the surface of the gill epithelium are described: (a) pavement cell, (b) ciliary cell and (c) mitochondria-rich cell (MRC). Two subtypes of MRC were distinguished by their ultrastructural(More)
Acinetobacter calcoaceticus RAG-1 and BD413, as well as Streptococcus pyogenes M-5, adhered to octane. Adherence was inhibited by emulsan (100 micrograms/ml), the polymeric emulsifying agent produced by A. calcoaceticus RAG-1. Emulsan also inhibited adherence of S. pyogenes and RAG-1 to buccal epithelial cells. The mean values of bound S. pyogenes per(More)