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Muscle fibre regeneration in the latissimus dorsi of adult rats has been studied by light and electron microscopy. Both 'continuous' and 'discontinuous' modes of regeneration occur. In 'continuous' regeneration sarcoplasmic buds grow from the damaged muscle fibres, their nuclei apparently originating from the healthy portion of the muscle fibre. In(More)
Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) glycoprotein E (gE) interacts with glycoprotein I and with insulin degrading enzyme (IDE), which is a receptor for the virus. We found that a VZV gE deletion mutant could only be grown in cells expressing gE. Expression of VZV gE on the surface of cells did not interfere with VZV infection. HSV deleted for gE is impaired for(More)
Chronic active Epstein-Barr virus infection (CAEBV) is a rare disease in which previously healthy persons develop severe, life-threatening illness. Mutations in the perforin gene have been found in familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, which shares some features with CAEBV. We studied a patient who died at age 18, 10 years after the onset of CAEBV.(More)
Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) causes chickenpox and shingles. While varicella is likely spread as cell-free virus to susceptible hosts, the virus is transmitted by cell-to-cell spread in the body and in vitro. Since VZV glycoprotein E (gE) is essential for virus infection, we postulated that gE binds to a cellular receptor. We found that insulin-degrading(More)
A recombinant Oka (ROka) varicella-zoster virus (VZV) vaccine was constructed that expresses herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) glycoproteins B (gB) and D (gD). Guinea pigs received one of four inocula: (a). uninfected cells, (b). recombinant Oka VZV infected cells, (c). recombinant Oka VZV expressing HSV-2 gB/gD (ROka-gB2/gD2) infected cells, or (d)(More)
Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) ORF29 encodes the viral single-stranded DNA binding protein and is expressed during latency in human ganglia. We constructed an ORF29 deletion mutant virus and showed that the virus could replicate only in cells expressing ORF29. An ORF29-repaired virus, in which ORF29 was driven by a cytomegalovirus promoter, grew to peak(More)
Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) immediate-early 63 protein (IE63) is abundantly expressed during both acute infection in vitro and latent infection in human ganglia. Using the yeast two-hybrid system, we found that VZV IE63 interacts with human antisilencing function 1 protein (ASF1). ASF1 is a nucleosome assembly factor which is a member of the H3/H4 family(More)
BACKGROUND In 2009, xenotropic murine leukemia virus-related virus (XMRV) was reported in 67% of patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) compared to 4% of controls. Since then numerous reports failed to detect XMRV in other cohorts of CFS patients, and some studies suggested that XMRV sequences in human samples might be due to contamination of these(More)
Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) glycoprotein E (gE) is essential for virus infectivity and binds to a cellular receptor, insulin-degrading enzyme (IDE), through its unique amino terminal extracellular domain. Previous work has shown IDE plays an important role in VZV infection and virus cell-to-cell spread, which is the sole route for VZV spread in vitro. Here(More)
Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) glycoprotein E (gE) is required for VZV infection. Although gE is well conserved among alphaherpesviruses, the amino terminus of VZV gE is unique. Previously, we showed that gE interacts with insulin-degrading enzyme (IDE) and facilitates VZV infection and cell-to-cell spread of the virus. Here we define the region of VZV gE(More)