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Keywords: MAC protocols WSNs Preamble sampling Low power listening Low energy consumption a b s t r a c t The limited energy resources of sensor nodes are among the most important constraints in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). Consequently, the Medium Access Control (MAC) layer design is crucial, due to its influence on the transceiver, which is the most(More)
As wireless devices boom, and bandwidth-hungry applications (e.g., video and cloud uploading) get popular, today's Wireless Local Area Networks (WLANs) become not only crowded but also stressed at throughput. Multiuser Multiple-Input and Multiple-Output (MU-MIMO), an advanced form of MIMO, has gained attention due to its huge potential in improving the(More)
M2M communications are projected to be one of the fastest growing technology segments of the IT sector in the next years. Sensor and actuator networks connect communication machines and devices so that they automatically transmit information, serving the growing demand for environmental data acquisition. IEEE 802.11ah Task Group addresses the creation of a(More)
—This paper presents CSMA/ECA, which combines the efficiency of reservation-based protocols and the simplicity of random access mechanisms. The maximum efficiency of CSMA/CA with optimal parameter adjustment is easily exceeded by CSMA/ECA, even when fixed parameters are used by the latter. CSMA/ECA stations fairly coexist with legacy CSMA/CA and increase(More)
If the number of STAs is excessively high, the heterogeneity of destinations in the packets contained in the queue makes it difficult to take full advantage of packet aggregation. This effect can be alleviated by increasing the queue size, which increases the chances of scheduling a large number of packets at each transmission, hence improving the system(More)
Carrier sense multiple access with enhanced collision avoidance (CSMA/ECA) is a distributed MAC protocol that allows collision-free access to the medium in WLANs. The only difference between CSMA/ECA and the well-known CSMA/CA is that the former uses a deterministic backoff after successful transmissions. Collision-free operation is reached after a(More)
—CSMA with Enhanced Collision Avoidance (CSMA/ECA) uses a deterministic backoff after successful transmissions to significantly reduce the number of collisions. This paper assesses by means of simulations the throughput and conditional collision probability obtained from a single-hop ad-hoc network using CSMA/ECA. A comparison with the legacy CSMA/CA(More)
Focusing on the increasing market of the sensors and actu-ators networks, the IEEE 802.11ah Task Group is currently working on the standardization of a new amendment. This new amendment will operate at the sub-1GHz band, ensure transmission ranges up to 1 Km, data rates above 100 kbps and very low power operation. With IEEE 802.11ah, the WLANs will offer a(More)