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The Zn(2+)-glutathione system is studied as a model for metal-peptide systems where some critical factors must be considered when using voltammetric techniques for the determination of stability constants. These factors are the presence of side reactions (in this case, both the protonation of glutathione and the hydrolysis of Zn(2+)), the(More)
An in-situ antimony film screen-printed carbon electrode (in-situ SbSPCE) was successfully used for the determination of Cu(II) simultaneously with Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions, by means of differential pulse anodic stripping voltammetry (DPASV), in a certified reference groundwater sample with a very high reproducibility and good trueness. This electrode is(More)
A differential pulse polarographic study of the Cd2+/gamma-Glu-Cys and Cd2+/Cys-Gly systems assisted by the alternating least-squares multivariate curve resolution (MCR-ALS) method was carried out to obtain a better understanding of the different metal affinities of the complexation sites on glutathione (GSH). The simultaneous analysis of the titration of(More)
Different multivariate data analysis techniques based on factor analysis and multivariate curve resolution are shown for the study of biochemical evolutionary processes like conformational changes and protein folding. Several simulated CD spectral data sets describing different hypothetical protein folding pathways are analyzed and discussed in relation to(More)
The complexation of Cd2+ by glutathione (GSH), in 0.13 m borate buffer at pH 9.5, was studied by differential pulse polarography (DPP) and multivariate curve resolution. The Cd-GSH system has been chosen as a model to check the possibilities of this new polarographic approach to the study of metal ion complexation by peptides. Experimental data obtained by(More)
Hordeum vulgare plants were stressed with Hg, Cd and As and their phytotoxicity was evaluated in terms of growth inhibition and total metal uptake by the plant. The synthesised phytochelatins ((γ-Glu-Cys)n-Gly, n=2-5; PCs) were determined by HPLC with amperometric detection at a glassy carbon electrode. The results indicate that H. vulgare is a good(More)
A new penicillamine-GCE was developed based on the immobilization of d-penicillamine on aryl diazonium salt monolayers anchored to the glassy carbon electrode (GCE) surface and it was applied for the first time to the simultaneous determination of Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions by stripping voltammetric techniques. The detection and quantification limits at levels(More)
Three different commercial carbon nanomaterial-modified screen-printed electrodes based on graphene, carbon nanotubes and carbon nanofibers were pioneeringly tested as electrode platforms for the plating with Sb film. They were microscopically and analytically compared to each other and to the most conventional unmodified carbon screen-printed electrode(More)
Isothermal Titration Calorimetry (ITC) was used to study the binding of Cd(2+) by phytochelatins ((γGlu-Cys)(n)-Gly, PC(n); n = 1-5) and their selected fragments (Cys, Cys-Gly and γGlu-Cys) in order to understand the influence of the chain length on the complex stabilities and the origin of the enhanced affinities in Tris buffer at pH 7.5 and 8.5 and at 25(More)
Multivariate curve resolution with alternating least squares (MCR-ALS) was applied to voltammetric data obtained in the analysis of the competitive binding of glutathione (GSH) and phytochelatins [(gammaGlu-Cys)(n)-Gly, PC(n), n=2-5] by Cd(2+). The displacements between ligands and chain length influence on the competitive binding of PC(n) toward Cd(2+)(More)