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Chondrocytes in hyaline cartilage produce typical matrix proteins, the most abundant of them being collagen type II and aggrecan. Chondrocytes in monolayer cell culture dedifferentiate and gain fibroblastic phenotype. The cells gradually start to produce collagen type I while the production of collagen type II and aggrecan decreases. Transplantation of(More)
Recent results of the clinical outcome of autologous chondrocyte transplantation (ACT) treatment in a group of 28 patients with focal femoral condyle cartilage lesions revealed a correlation trend with the quality of the in vitro cell culture matrix-protein synthesis. No impact of the patients' age and chondrocyte cryopreservation prior to implantation was(More)
Low back pain is one of the most common medical conditions in the Western world. Disc degeneration, an inevitable process of ageing, is one of the major causes of low back pain. Autologous chondrocyte transplantation (ACT) is an increasingly popular method of addressing pathological disorders of cartilage. The purpose of our study was to determine whether(More)
We have optimized the procedure of monocyte isolation on a Percoll density gradient. The new procedure consists of three steps: (1) the isolation of MNC on a Ficoll density gradient; (2) the separation of monocytes from lymphocytes on a high-density hyper-osmotic Percoll density gradient; and (3) the separation of monocytes from platelets and dead cells on(More)
OBJECTIVES Biofilm-associated implant infections represent a serious public health problem. Covalent immobilization of antimicrobial agents on titanium (Ti), thereby inhibiting biofilm formation of microbial pathogens, is a solution to this problem. METHODS Vancomycin (VAN) and caspofungin (CAS) were covalently bound on Ti substrates using an improved(More)
Chondrocytes present in articular cartilage survive as a resident cell population throughout the lifespan of the individual organism. However, articular chondrocytes as other cells also undergo apoptosis and there is an ever increasing list of diverse stimuli that can induce this phenomenon in vitro. Our main interest was to investigate potential cytotoxic(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of fibrin glue and aprotinin on the growth of adult human skin keratinocytes in defined serum-free conditions. The keratinocytes were cultured on cell culture plastics and on a fibrin matrix prepared from fibrin glue. The cell growth was measured by MTT assay, while the growth of clonogenic(More)
BACKGROUND Different immunotherapy approaches for the treatment of cancer and autoimmune diseases are being developed and tested in clinical studies worldwide. Their resulting complex experimental data should be properly evaluated, therefore reliable normal healthy control baseline values are indispensable. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS To assess intra-(More)
Auricular cartilage is an attractive potential source of cells for many tissue engineering applications. However, there are several requirements that have to be fulfilled in order to develop a suitable tissue engineered implant. Animal experiments serve as important tools for validating novel concepts of cartilage regeneration; therefore rabbit auricular(More)
BACKGROUND Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is among the most aggressive cancers with a poor prognosis in spite of a plethora of established diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers and treatment modalities. Therefore, the current goal is the detection of novel biomarkers, possibly detectable in the blood of GBM patients that may enable an early diagnosis and are(More)