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Multiple sclerosis (MS) is often associated with co-morbid behavioural and cognitive impairments; however the presence of these symptoms does not necessarily correlate with neurological damage. This suggests that an alternate mechanism may subserve these impairments relative to motor deficits. We investigated whether these abnormalities could be studied in(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Stroke during pregnancy is an emerging concern. Although females undergo many physiological, endocrine, and neurological alterations during pregnancy, the consequences of such changes on outcome after stroke are unclear. It is predicted that increases in steroid hormones observed during pregnancy may confer protective effects against(More)
7-[3-(4-[2,3-dimethylphenyl]piperazinyl)propoxy]-2(1H)-quinolinone (OPC-4392), was synthesized in our laboratories and compared with apomorphine, 3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-N-n-propylpiperidine (3-PPP) and dopamine antagonists in a series of tests designed to characterize dopamine receptor activation and inhibition. The assertion that OPC-4392 acts as an agonist(More)
The current study was designed to determine the effect of recombinant endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene expression on endothelium-dependent relaxations to bradykinin in isolated canine basilar, coronary, or femoral arteries. Arterial rings were exposed ex vivo (30 minutes at 37 degrees C) to an adenoviral vector encoding either the eNOS gene(More)
Our previous ex vivo and in vivo studies reported that expression of the recombinant endothelial nitric oxide (NO) synthase (eNOS) gene in adventitial fibroblasts recovers NO production in arteries without endothelium in response to bradykinin. The present study was designed to characterize subtypes of bradykinin receptors on adventitial fibroblasts coupled(More)
Tetrahydrobiopterin is an essential cofactor required for activity of nitric oxide synthases. Existing evidence suggests that, during activation of constitutive and inducible isoforms of nitric oxide synthase, tetrahydrobiopterin is needed for allosteric and redox activation of enzymatic activity. However, precise mechanisms underlying the role of(More)
Epiplexus cells represent a population of innate immune cells on the surface of the choroid plexus (CP) in the brain ventricles. I hypothesized that the epiplexus cells are involved in immune responses of the CP via sensitivity to immune mediators such as ATP. A novel technique for the isolation of live and intact rat CP was developed that allowed, for the(More)
Pharmacological properties of buprenorphine were studied in comparison with those of morphine and pentazocine. Buprenorphine was more potent than morphine and pentazocine in analgesic tests, using chemical, thermal, pressure, and electrical stimulation as the nociceptive stimuli. Buprenorphine exhibited analgesic activity in the D' Amour-Smith's test at(More)
Effects of procaterol (PRO) on the CNS were investigated in comparison with those of salbutamol (SAL) and isoproterenol (ISO). PRO, 15 to 50 mg/kg given subcutaneously suppressed spontaneous movement in mice, rats and rabbits and with a large dose, 1000 mg/kg, the animals became quiet and immobile. In dogs, PRO produced similar symptoms and in addition,(More)
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