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The in vitro formation of organs and/or tissues is a major goal for regenerative medicine that would also provide a powerful tool for analyzing both the mechanisms of development and disease processes for each target organ. Here, we present a method whereby pancreatic tissues can be formed in vitro from mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells. Embryoid body-like(More)
Transcription networks composed of various transcriptional factors specifically expressed in undifferentiated embryonic stem (ES) cells have been implicated in the regulation of pluripotency in ES cells. However, the molecular mechanisms responsible for self-renewal, maintenance of pluripotency, and lineage specification during differentiation of ES cells(More)
Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) can now be produced from various somatic cell (SC) lines by ectopic expression of the four transcription factors. Although the procedure has been demonstrated to induce global change in gene and microRNA expressions and even epigenetic modification, it remains largely unknown how this transcription factor-induced(More)
In comprehensive glycome analysis with a high-density lectin microarray, we have previously shown that the recombinant N-terminal domain of the lectin BC2L-C from Burkholderia cenocepacia (rBC2LCN) binds exclusively to undifferentiated human induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells and embryonic stem (ES) cells but not to differentiated somatic cells. Here we(More)
Direct lineage conversion of adult cells is a promising approach for regenerative medicine. A major challenge of lineage conversion is to generate specific cell subtypes. The pancreatic islets contain three major hormone-secreting endocrine subtypes: insulin(+) β-cells, glucagon(+) α-cells, and somatostatin(+) δ-cells. We previously reported that a(More)
Direct lineage conversion is a promising approach to generate therapeutically important cell types for disease modeling and tissue repair. However, the survival and function of lineage-reprogrammed cells in vivo over the long term has not been examined. Here, using an improved method for in vivo conversion of adult mouse pancreatic acinar cells toward beta(More)
Formation of the primitive streak (PS) is the initial specification step that generates all the mesodermal and endodermal tissue lineages during early differentiation. Thus, a therapeutically compatible and efficient method for differentiation of the PS is crucial for regenerative medicine. In this study, we developed chemically defined serum-free culture(More)
UNLABELLED Text mining from the biomedical literature is of increasing importance, yet it is not easy for the bioinformatics community to create and run text mining workflows due to the lack of accessibility and interoperability of the text mining resources. The U-Compare system provides a wide range of bio text mining resources in a highly interoperable(More)
Amphibians have been used for over a century as experimental animals. In the field of developmental biology in particular, much knowledge has been accumulated from studies on amphibians, mainly because they are easy to observe and handle. Xenopus laevis is one of the most intensely investigated amphibians in developmental biology at the molecular level.(More)
The neural crest (NC) is a group of cells located in the neural folds at the boundary between the neural and epidermal ectoderm. NC cells differentiate into a vast range of cells,including neural cells, smooth muscle cells, bone and cartilage cells of the maxillofacial region, and odontoblasts. The molecular mechanisms underlying NC induction during early(More)