Mint Sirisawad

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Activation of the B-cell antigen receptor (BCR) signaling pathway contributes to the initiation and maintenance of B-cell malignancies and autoimmune diseases. The Bruton tyrosine kinase (Btk) is specifically required for BCR signaling as demonstrated by human and mouse mutations that disrupt Btk function and prevent B-cell maturation at steps that require(More)
Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors such as the phenyl hydroxamic acid PCI-24781 have emerged recently as a class of therapeutic agents for the treatment of cancer. Recent data showing synergy of HDAC inhibitors with ionizing radiation and other DNA-damaging agents have suggested that HDAC inhibitors may act, in part, by inhibiting DNA repair. Here we(More)
We have developed a potent, histone deacetylase 8 (HDAC8)-specific inhibitor PCI-34051 with >200-fold selectivity over the other HDAC isoforms. PCI-34051 induces caspase-dependent apoptosis in cell lines derived from T-cell lymphomas or leukemias, but not in other hematopoietic or solid tumor lines. Unlike broad-spectrum HDAC inhibitors, PCI-34051 does not(More)
PURPOSE We investigated the cytotoxicity and mechanisms of cell death of the broad-spectrum histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor PCI-24781, alone and combined with bortezomib in Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma cell lines and primary lymphoproliferative (CLL/SLL) cells. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Apoptosis, mitochondrial membrane potential, cell cycle(More)
The p53 pathway is a central mediator of the apoptotic response. ASPP2/(53BP2L) (apoptosis-stimulating protein of p53 2, also known as 53BP2L) enhances apoptosis through selective stimulation of p53 transactivation of proapoptotic target genes. Although the Rb/E2F pathway regulates ASPP2/(53BP2L) transcription, the complex mechanisms controlling(More)
Motexafin gadolinium (MGd, Xcytrin®) is a tumor-localizing redox mediator that catalyzes the oxidation of intracellular reducing molecules including NADPH, ascorbate, protein and non-protein thiols, generating reactive oxygen species (ROS). MGd localizes to tumors and cooperates with radiation and chemotherapy to kill tumor cells in tissue culture and(More)
Sapphyrins are pentapyrrolic, metal-free, expanded porphyrins. In the present study, the activity of sapphyrins as anticancer agents in hematopoietic-derived tumor cells was explored. It was found that a dihydroxylated water-soluble sapphyrin derivative (PCI-2000) is a potent inducer of apoptosis in a wide variety of tumor cell lines including lymphoma(More)
Sapphyrins are pentapyrrolic metal-free expanded porphyrins with potential medical use as anticancer agents. The novel sapphyrin derivative, PCI-2050, functionalized with 2-[2-(2-methoxyethoxy)ethoxy]ethoxy groups to enhance solubility and a modified bipyrrole moiety was found to be more potent in inducing apoptosis than the previously described sapphyrin(More)
Heme oxygenase-1 (HO1), which oxidizes heme to biliverdin, CO, and free iron, conveys protection against oxidative stress and is antiapoptotic. Under stress conditions, some porphyrin derivatives can inhibit HO1 and trigger cell death. Motexafin gadolinium (MGd) is an expanded porphyrin that selectively targets cancer cells through a process of futile redox(More)
The synthesis of four new analogues of motexafin gadolinium (MGd), a gadolinium(III) texaphyrin complex in clinical trials for its anticancer properties, is described. These new derivatives contain either 1,2-diaminobenzene or 2,3-diaminonaphthalene subunits as the source of the imine nitrogens and bear multiple 2-[2-(2-methoxyethoxy)ethoxy]ethoxy (PEG)(More)