Learn More
Increasing evidence suggests that the renin-angiotensin system modulates cardiovascular homeostasis both via its circulating, plasma-borne components and through locally present, tissue-resident systems with site-specific activity. The existence of such a system in the heart has been proposed, based on biochemical studies as well as on the demonstration of(More)
Multiplex PCR was established to detect porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV-2), porcine parvovirus (PPV) and porcine pseudorabies virus (PRV) and applied to samples from 137 piglets exhibiting clinical signs of postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS). PCV-2 DNA was detected from all samples. Moreover, 43 samples were positive for PPV but negative for(More)
Pentamethylquercetin (PMQ) has recently been shown to have glucose-lowering properties. Here, we aimed to characterise the effectiveness and underlying mechanisms of PMQ for ameliorating metabolic disorders in vivo and vitro. We generated a mouse model of obesity by neonatal administration of monosodium glutamate (MSG) and used it to assess the properties(More)
AIMS Inward remodelling of the resistance vasculature is predictive of hypertension and life-threatening cardiovascular events. We hypothesize that the contractile mechanisms responsible for maintaining a reduced diameter over time in response to prolonged stimulation with vasoconstrictor agonists are in part responsible for the initial stages of the(More)
Brassinosteroids (BRs) have been proposed to increase the resistance of plants to drought stress. The effect of foliar application of 0.1 μM 24-epibrassinolide (EBR) on chlorophyll (Chl) content, photosystem 2 (PS 2) photochemistry, membrane permeability, lipid peroxidation, relative water content (RWC), proline content, and the antioxidant system in(More)
Mono-dispersed SiO(2)-CaO bioactive glass nanospheres (BGNS) were prepared by a two step sol-gel method in the absence of surfactant. The size of BGNS ranged from 200 to 350 nm in diameter and exhibited a rough surface texture. In vitro biomineralization tests showed that BGNS could rapidly induce the deposition of an apatite layer in simulated body fluid(More)
The emerging recognition of the existence and potential biological significance of local tissue renin-angiotensin systems in a number of organs has fostered interest in a possible intrinsic cardiac renin-angiotensin system. Evidence for such a system was first provided by biochemical measurements of components of the renin-angiotensin system in cardiac(More)
Recent findings support the existence of independently functioning, local renin-angiotensin systems in a number of tissues. The clinical importance that inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin system have gained in the treatment of hypertension and cardiac failure, as well as molecular biology data, suggest that a functional, tissue renin-angiotensin system is(More)
Expression of the genes for renin and angiotensinogen has been documented in the heart and brain of several species, including rodents and primates. In the same tissues, local generation of angiotensin II has also been demonstrated. Neuropeptidergic brain angiotensin and local cardiac angiotensin participate in cardiovascular regulation. Inhibition of(More)
1. Recent evidence for the existence of extrarenal tissue renin-angiotensin systems has raised the question of whether such a system also exists in the heart. 2. Evidence is presented for a cardiac renin-angiotensin system based on molecular biological and biochemical data. In addition, the question of whether the components of this system interact as a(More)