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Toxigenic Staphylococcus aureus contamination in ready-to-eat (RTE) food is a leading cause of foodborne illness in Korea. To monitor food contamination by S. aureus, a total of 3332 RTE food samples were selected from nationwide wholesale marts between 2003 and 2004 and examined. A total of 285 (8.6%) of the overall samples were contaminated by S. aureus.(More)
Bacillus cereus can cause emetic and diarrheal types of food poisoning, but little study has been done on the toxins and toxin-encoding genes of B. cereus strains isolated from Sunsik, a Korean ready-to-eat food prepared from grains, fruits, and vegetables. In this study, 39 unique B. cereus strains were isolated and identified from Sunsik samples, with an(More)
This study is an attempt to develop a simple search method for lead peptide candidates, which include constrained structures in a recognized sequence, using the design of a competitive inhibitor for HMG-CoA reductase (HMGR). A structure-functional analysis of previously synthesized peptides proposes that a competitive inhibitory peptide can be designed by(More)
This study presents a design of a highly potent and competitive inhibitory peptide for 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl CoA reductase (HMGR). HMGR is the major regulatory enzyme of cholesterol biosynthesis and the target enzyme of many investigations aimed at lowering the rate of cholesterol biosynthesis. In previous studies, the two hypocholesterolemic peptides(More)
Acrylamide (AA) is a chemical found in starchy foods that have been cooked at high temperatures. The objective of this study is to monitor the levels of AA in a total of 274 samples of potato chips, chips (except potato chips), biscuits, French fries, breakfast cereals, chocolate products, tea, seasoned laver, and nut products sampled in Korean market.(More)
This study presents a simple method to design an active peptide based on a description of the structural preferences of peptide via its peptide fragments. In a previous design, while searching for lead peptide candidates, the efficacy of a design approach that was based on the use of a cyclic peptide as a model of linear analog was demonstrated. Analysis of(More)
This study investigates a proposed design of a peptide sequence that is based on a bioactive conformation of statins that act as the competitive inhibitors of HMG-CoA for HMGR. To bridge these heterogeneous organic compounds, a conformational aspect relating to an analysis of the flexibility of the peptide molecules and their occupied volumes was applied to(More)
This study determined the prevalence and toxin profile of Bacillus cereus and Bacillus thuringiensis in doenjang, a fermented soybean food, made using both traditional and commercial methods. The 51 doenjang samples tested were broadly contaminated with B. cereus; in contrast, only one sample was positive for B. thuringiensis. All B. cereus isolates from(More)
This study presents an approach that can be used to search for lead peptide candidates, including unconstrained structures in a recognized sequence. This approach was performed using the design of a competitive inhibitor for 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl CoA reductase (HMGR). In a previous design for constrained peptides, a head-to-tail cyclic structure of(More)
This study presents an application of two approaches in the design of constrained and unconstrained peptides in an investigation of the peptide binding effect for HMG-CoA reductase (HMGR). In previous works, hypocholesterolemic peptides isolated from soybean were determined as competitive inhibitory peptides for HMGR. Based on the modeling of an active(More)
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