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Software piracy is a major concern for software providers, despite the many defense mechanisms that have been proposed to prevent it. Watermarking embeds a secret message into a cover message. In media watermarking the secret is usually a copyright notice and the cover a digital image. Watermarking an object discourages intellectual property theft, or when(More)
—Face recognition applications for airport security and surveillance can benefit from the collaborative coupling of mobile and cloud computing as they become widely available today. This paper discusses our work with the design and implementation of face recognition applications using our mobile-cloudlet-cloud architecture named MOCHA and its initial(More)
Overlay networks among cooperating hosts have recently emerged as a viable solution to several challenging problems, including multicasting, routing, content distribution, and peer-to-peer services. Application-level overlays, however, incur a performance penalty over router-level solutions. This paper quantifies and explains this performance penalty for(More)
—As servers are placed in diverse locations in networked services today, it becomes vital to direct a client's request to the best server(s) to achieve both high performance and reliability. In this distributed setting, non-negligible latency and server availability become two major concerns, especially for highly-interactive applications. Profiling(More)
ODMRP (On-Demand Multicast Routing Protocol) [6] [8] [2] is a popular multicast protocol for wireless ad hoc networks. The strengths of ODMRP are simplicity, high packet delivery ratio, and non-dependency on a specific unicast protocol. ODMRP floods a route request over the entire network to select a set of forwarding nodes for packet delivery. However, a(More)
— We investigate the effect of TCP Explicit Congestion Notification (ECN) with a new response strategy that is more aggressive in the short term, but preserves TCP long term behavior, without modifying the router marking rate. A less aggressive ECN decrease gives more incentives for end systems to become ECN-compliant, as ECN serves as an early warning sign(More)