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OBJECTIVE Hybrid brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) have been proved to be more effective in mental control by combining another channel of physiologic control signals. Among those studies, little attention has been paid to the combined use of a steady-state visual evoked potential (SSVEP) and P300 potential, both providing the fastest and the most reliable(More)
Most EEG-based brain-computer interface (BCI) paradigms include specific electrode positions. As the structures and activities of the brain vary with each individual, contributing channels should be chosen based on original records of BCIs. Phase measurement is an important approach in EEG analyses, but seldom used for channel selections. In this paper, the(More)
OBJECTIVE Spelling is one of the most important issues in brain-computer interface (BCI) research. This paper is to develop a visual parallel-BCI speller system based on the time-frequency coding strategy in which the sub-speller switching among four simultaneously presented sub-spellers and the character selection are identified in a parallel mode. (More)
P300 speller is a traditional brain computer interface paradigm and focused by lots of current BCI researches. In this paper a support vector machine based recursive feature elimination method was adapted to select the optimal channels for character recognition. The margin distance between target and nontarget stimulus in feature space was evaluated by(More)
Compared to the conventional brain-computer interface (BCI) system, the hybrid BCI provides a more efficient way for the communication between the brain and the external device. The Electroencephalography (EEG) signal and the change of oxygenation in the brain are two prevailing approaches used in the BCI. However, single physiological signal couldn’t(More)
There has been a long debate about the neural mechanism of event-related potentials (ERPs). Previously, no evidence or method was apparent to validate the two competing models, the evoked model and the oscillation model. One argument is whether the pre-stimulus brain oscillation could influence the following ERP. This study carried out an innovative visual(More)
Electroencephalographic (EEG)-based emotion recognition has attracted increasing attention from the field of human-computer interaction (HCI). However, there are a number of challenges for machines to correctly recognize human emotional states. One problem is how to generalize the emotion model across time, since the brain may show different patterns of EEG(More)
As one of the most important brain-computer interface (BCI) paradigms, P300-Speller was shown to be significantly impaired once applied in practical situations due to effects of mental workload. This study aims to provide a new method of building training models to enhance performance of P300-Speller under mental workload. Three experiment conditions based(More)
Motor imagery (MI) induced EEG patterns are widely used as control signals for brain-computer interfaces (BCIs). Kinetic and kinematic factors have been proved to be able to change EEG patterns during motor execution and motor imagery. However, to our knowledge, there is still no literature reporting an effective online MI-BCI using kinetic factor regulated(More)
Electro-acupuncture stimulation (EAS) technique applies the electrical nerve stimulation therapy on traditional acupuncture points to restore the muscle tension. The rapid promotion and development of brain-computer interface (BCI) technology makes the thought-control of EAS possible. This paper designed a new BCI-control-EAS (BCICEAS) system by using(More)