Minoru Toriya

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From February to October 1995, 62 erythromycin-resistant strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae isolated at Yamanashi Red Cross Hospital were tested to determine their susceptibility to various macrolides, subjected to resistance induction tests by the disc diffusion method and analysed for genes encoding resistance to macrolides (ermB and mefE). On the basis(More)
We studied the antitumor effects of photodynamic therapy (PDT) with Zincphyrin, coproporphyrin III with zinc, derived from Streptomyces sp. AC8007, in vitro and in vivo. The photokilling effect of Zincphyrin in the presence of 0.78-100 microg/ml with visible light of 27.2 mW x min/cm2 for 10 min was lower than the hematoporphyrin (Hp) used as a control with(More)
Gene for aminoglycoside 6'-N-acetyltransferase [AAC(6')] from Serratia sp. 45 was cloned into E. coli. The enzyme produced in E. coli carrying the recombinant plasmid was compared to the Serratia enzyme. Both enzymes acetylated the 6'-C position of amikacin, dibekacin, tobramycin, sisomicin, gentamicin C1a and kanamycin but effected gentamicin C1,(More)
We examined antibacterial activities of 4 kinds of macrolides (MLs), erythromycin (EM), clarithromycin (CAM), azithromycin (AZM) and rokitamycin (RKM), against 4 bacterial species of clinical strains isolated in 2004. Bacterial isolates used were 51 strains of methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA), 20 of Streptococcus pyogenes, 68 of(More)
Novel neplanocin A analogues modified at the 6'-position, i.e., 6'-deoxy analogues (2, 3, 6, 9, 20), 6'-O-methylneplanocin A (15), and 6'-C-methylneplanocin A's (22a and 22b) have been synthesized and evaluated for their antiviral activity in a wide variety of DNA and RNA virus systems. These compounds showed an activity spectrum that conforms to that of(More)
Antibiotic-induced release of endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide, LPS) from Pseudomonas aeruginosa was investigated in in vitro with different antibiotic concentrations and in the pharmacokinetic autosimulation system. We compared the effect of isepamicin (ISP) with those of 3 beta-lactam antibiotics, piperacillin (PIPC), ceftazidime (CAZ) and imipenem (IPM).(More)
It was found that Serratia marcescens 43, Serratia proteamaculans 48 and Serratia sp. 45, all of which were clinically isolated, produced a new type of aminoglycoside acetyltransferase which acetylated amikacin at the 6'-amino group. 1-N-[(S)-3-Amino-2-hydroxypropionyl]-gentamicin B (HAPA-B, SCH 21420) and gentamicin C2 were hardly inactivated by the(More)
AS-924 is an oral prodrug of the antibiotic ceftizoxime (CTIZ), a parenteral use cephalosporin. This novel prodrug, produced by esterifying CTIZ with a lipophilic pivaloyloxymethyl (POM) group and introducing a water soluble L-alanyl group, is expected to increase the bioavailability and thereby, augment the antibacterial activity of CTIZ in vivo compared(More)