Minoru Shinohara

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The purpose of the study was to assess the effect of movement velocity on the relation between fluctuations in acceleration and the ability to achieve a target velocity during voluntary contractions performed by young (29.5 +/- 4.3 yr) and old (74.9 +/- 6.2 yr) adults. Subjects performed concentric and eccentric contractions with the first dorsal(More)
Six men were studied to determine the interrelationships among blood supply, motor unit (MU) activity and lactate concentrations during intermittent isometric contractions of the hand grip muscles. The subjects performed repeated contractions at 20% of maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) for 2 s followed by 2-s rest for 4 min with either unhindered blood(More)
 To investigate the efficacy of ischemia in strength training with low mechanical stress, tourniquet ischemia was utilized in low-resistance training. Five untrained subjects conducted one-legged isometric knee extension training with one leg ischemic (I-leg) and the other non-ischemic (NI-leg). Repeated isometric contractions for 2 s with 3 s relaxation in(More)
We used the uncontrolled manifold (UCM) approach to study the synergy formation during learning an unusual multi-finger task. The subjects produced accurate force ramps with challenging sets of four fingers (two per hand). We tested hypotheses on stabilization of the contributions of subsets of effectors to the task force (F TASK) and to the moment in the(More)
The purpose of the study was to examine the effect of prolonged tonic vibration applied to a single synergist muscle on maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) and maximal rate of force development (dF/dt(max)). The knee extension MVC force and surface electromyogram (EMG) from the rectus femoris (RF), vastus lateralis (VL), and vastus medialis (VM) during MVC(More)
The objective of the study is to examine the effects of age and gender on finger coordination. Twelve young (24 +/- 8 yr; 6 men and 6 women) and 12 elderly (75 +/- 5 yr; 6 men and 6 women) subjects performed single-finger maximal contraction [maximal voluntary contraction (MVC)], four-finger MVC, and four-finger ramp force production tasks by pressing on(More)
Finger-pressing forces are produced by activation of the intrinsic hand muscles, which are finger specific, and the extrinsic muscles that connect to multiple fingers. We tested a hypothesis of greater weakening of intrinsic hand muscles with age and quantified associated indexes of finger interaction such as enslaving (force production by unintended(More)
The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of bed rest with or without strength training on torque fluctuations and activation strategy of the muscles. Twelve young men participated in a 20-day bed rest study. Subjects were divided into a non-training group (BRCon) and a strength-training group (BRTr). The training comprised dynamic calf-raise and(More)
INTRODUCTION In this study we examine the repeatability of measuring muscle shear modulus using ultrasound shear-wave elastography between trials and between days, and the association between shear modulus and contraction intensity over a wide range of intensities. METHODS Shear modulus of the biceps brachii was determined using ultrasound shear-wave(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine whether the ventilatory threshold (Th v) would give the maximal lactate steady state ([1a]ss, max), which was defined as the highest work rate (W) attained by a subject without a progressive increase in blood lactate concentration [1a]b at constant intensity exercise. Firstly, 8 healthy men repeated ramp-work tests(More)