Learn More
The objective of the study is to examine the effects of age and gender on finger coordination. Twelve young (24 +/- 8 yr; 6 men and 6 women) and 12 elderly (75 +/- 5 yr; 6 men and 6 women) subjects performed single-finger maximal contraction [maximal voluntary contraction (MVC)], four-finger MVC, and four-finger ramp force production tasks by pressing on(More)
INTRODUCTION In this study we examine the repeatability of measuring muscle shear modulus using ultrasound shear-wave elastography between trials and between days, and the association between shear modulus and contraction intensity over a wide range of intensities. METHODS Shear modulus of the biceps brachii was determined using ultrasound shear-wave(More)
Finger-pressing forces are produced by activation of the intrinsic hand muscles, which are finger specific, and the extrinsic muscles that connect to multiple fingers. We tested a hypothesis of greater weakening of intrinsic hand muscles with age and quantified associated indexes of finger interaction such as enslaving (force production by unintended(More)
We addressed a hypothesis that changes in indices of finger interaction during maximal force production (MVC) tasks are accompanied by changed coordination of fingers in multi-finger accurate force production tasks. To modify relative involvement of extrinsic and intrinsic hand muscles, the subjects produced force by pressing either at their distal(More)
Excitatory input to the alpha motor neuron pool from Ia afferents is enhanced by brief vibration, yet is depressed when vibration is applied for prolonged periods. The purpose of this article is to synthesize recent findings from several studies on the effects of prolonged vibration on motor unit activity and motor performance during maximal and submaximal(More)
Net muscle force recorded during voluntary contractions with multiple agonist muscles is the summated result of individual muscle forces. The purpose of this article is to synthesize recent findings from several studies on the modulations of muscle activity and force fluctuations during steady voluntary contractions with multiple agonist muscles in humans.(More)
Alternate muscle activity between synergist muscles has been demonstrated during low-level sustained contractions [< or =5% of maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) force]. To determine the functional significance of the alternate muscle activity, the association between the frequency of alternate muscle activity during a low-level sustained knee extension(More)
OBJECTIVE The study aimed to compare beta (15-30 Hz) band corticomuscular coherence between a unilateral hand motor task and concurrent motor or non-motor tasks. Additionally, we examined the potential associations between corticomuscular coherence and fine motor performance. METHODS Ten healthy young right-handed adults performed unilateral, bilateral,(More)
Common drive to a motor unit (MU) pool manifests as low-frequency oscillations in MU discharge rate, producing fluctuations in muscle force. The aim of the study was to examine the temporal correlation between instantaneous MU discharge rate and rectified EMG in low frequencies. Additionally, we attempted to examine whether there is a temporal correlation(More)
—This paper reports on the results of an experiment involving a wearable sensorimotor enhancer intended to improve tactile sensitivity in human fingertips. As briefly exposing tactile receptors to sub-sensory vibration is known to enhance tactile sensitivity thanks to a phenomenon called stochastic resonance (SR) in the somatosensory system, applying(More)