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Six men were studied to determine the interrelationships among blood supply, motor unit (MU) activity and lactate concentrations during intermittent isometric contractions of the hand grip muscles. The subjects performed repeated contractions at 20% of maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) for 2 s followed by 2-s rest for 4 min with either unhindered blood(More)
The objective of the study is to examine the effects of age and gender on finger coordination. Twelve young (24 +/- 8 yr; 6 men and 6 women) and 12 elderly (75 +/- 5 yr; 6 men and 6 women) subjects performed single-finger maximal contraction [maximal voluntary contraction (MVC)], four-finger MVC, and four-finger ramp force production tasks by pressing on(More)
The purpose of the study was to assess the effect of movement velocity on the relation between fluctuations in acceleration and the ability to achieve a target velocity during voluntary contractions performed by young (29.5 +/- 4.3 yr) and old (74.9 +/- 6.2 yr) adults. Subjects performed concentric and eccentric contractions with the first dorsal(More)
INTRODUCTION In this study we examine the repeatability of measuring muscle shear modulus using ultrasound shear-wave elastography between trials and between days, and the association between shear modulus and contraction intensity over a wide range of intensities. METHODS Shear modulus of the biceps brachii was determined using ultrasound shear-wave(More)
We used the uncontrolled manifold (UCM) approach to study the synergy formation during learning an unusual multi-finger task. The subjects produced accurate force ramps with challenging sets of four fingers (two per hand). We tested hypotheses on stabilization of the contributions of subsets of effectors to the task force ( F(TASK)) and to the moment in the(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine whether the ventilatory threshold (Th v) would give the maximal lactate steady state ([1a]ss, max), which was defined as the highest work rate (W) attained by a subject without a progressive increase in blood lactate concentration [1a]b at constant intensity exercise. Firstly, 8 healthy men repeated ramp-work tests(More)
Finger-pressing forces are produced by activation of the intrinsic hand muscles, which are finger specific, and the extrinsic muscles that connect to multiple fingers. We tested a hypothesis of greater weakening of intrinsic hand muscles with age and quantified associated indexes of finger interaction such as enslaving (force production by unintended(More)
We addressed a hypothesis that changes in indices of finger interaction during maximal force production (MVC) tasks are accompanied by changed coordination of fingers in multi-finger accurate force production tasks. To modify relative involvement of extrinsic and intrinsic hand muscles, the subjects produced force by pressing either at their distal(More)
To determine quantitatively the features of alternate muscle activity between knee extensor synergists during low-level prolonged contraction, a surface electromyogram (EMG) was recorded from the rectus femoris (RF), vastus lateralis (VL), and vastus medialis (VM) in 11 subjects during isometric knee extension exercise at 2.5% of maximal voluntary(More)
Excitatory input to the alpha motor neuron pool from Ia afferents is enhanced by brief vibration, yet is depressed when vibration is applied for prolonged periods. The purpose of this article is to synthesize recent findings from several studies on the effects of prolonged vibration on motor unit activity and motor performance during maximal and submaximal(More)