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Sub-analysis of the fasudil post-marketing surveillance study compared the safety and efficacy of fasudil plus ozagrel to fasudil only. A total of 3690 patients received fasudil and 1138 received fasudil plus ozagrel between 1995 and 2000. The occurrence of adverse events, occurrence of low density areas associated with vasospasm on computed tomography,(More)
BACKGROUND A multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was conducted to assess the efficacy and safety of fasudil, a Rho-kinase inhibitor (RKI), in the treatment of acute ischemic stroke. METHODS A total of 160 patients, who were able to receive drug treatment within 48 h of acute ischemic stroke onset were enrolled. Patients received either 60(More)
Mammalian homologues of Drosophila transient receptor potential (TRP) proteins are responsible for receptor-activated Ca(2+) influx in vertebrate cells. We previously reported the involvement of intracellular Ca(2+) in the receptor-mediated activation of mammalian canonical transient receptor potential 5 (TRPC5) channels. Here we investigated the role of(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of delayed Rho-kinase inhibition with fasudil on second ischemic injury in a rat cerebral thrombosis model. Cerebral ischemia was induced in rats by injecting 150 mug of sodium laurate into the left internal carotid artery on day 1. In the ischemic group, the regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) was(More)
Whether Rho-kinase activity is really associated with the pathogenesis of cerebral infarction remains unclear. To consider this question, we investigated correspondences between severity of neurological deficit, infarct size, amount of various marker proteins, and Rho-kinase activity in a rat cerebral infarction model. Sodium laurate was injected into the(More)
Axonal regeneration in the central nervous system is blocked by many different growth inhibitory factors. Some of these inhibitors act on neurons by activating RhoA and Rho-kinase, an effector of RhoA. Several studies have shown that Rho-kinase inhibition immediately after spinal cord injury enhances axonal sprouting and functional recovery. In this study,(More)
BACKGROUND Rho-kinase (ROCK) is a downstream effector of Rho GTPase that is known to regulate various pathological processes important to the development of ischemic stroke, such as thrombus formation, inflammation, and vasospasm. Inhibition of ROCK leads to decreased infarct size in animal models of ischemic stroke. This study tests the hypothesis that(More)
Rho-kinase-mediated pathway induces enhanced myosin light chain phosphorylations in a swine model of coronary artery spasm a , b a c a Abstract Objective: We recently demonstrated in our swine model of coronary artery spasm that enhanced myosin light chain (MLC) phosphorylations (both MLC mono-and diphosphorylations) play a central role in the pathogenesis(More)
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