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The Rho kinase (ROCK) isoforms, ROCK1 and ROCK2, were initially discovered as downstream targets of the small GTP-binding protein Rho. Because ROCKs mediate various important cellular functions such as cell shape, motility, secretion, proliferation, and gene expression, it is likely that this pathway will intersect with other signaling pathways known to(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Endothelium-derived nitric oxide (NO) plays a pivotal role in vascular protection. The Rho kinase (ROCK) inhibitor, hydroxyfasudil, prevents the downregulation of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) under hypoxic conditions. However, it is unknown whether inhibition of ROCK can attenuate ischemia-induced endothelial dysfunction and tissue(More)
—Ca 2ϩ sensitization of vascular smooth muscle (VSM) contraction involves Rho-dependent and Rho-kinase– dependent suppression of myosin phosphatase activity. We previously demonstrated that excitatory agonists in fact induce activation of RhoA in VSM. In this study, we demonstrate a novel Ca 2ϩ-dependent mechanism for activating RhoA in rabbit aortic VSM.(More)
Sub-analysis of the fasudil post-marketing surveillance study compared the safety and efficacy of fasudil plus ozagrel to fasudil only. A total of 3690 patients received fasudil and 1138 received fasudil plus ozagrel between 1995 and 2000. The occurrence of adverse events, occurrence of low density areas associated with vasospasm on computed tomography,(More)
BACKGROUND A multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was conducted to assess the efficacy and safety of fasudil, a Rho-kinase inhibitor (RKI), in the treatment of acute ischemic stroke. METHODS A total of 160 patients, who were able to receive drug treatment within 48 h of acute ischemic stroke onset were enrolled. Patients received either 60(More)
Ca2+ sensitization of vascular smooth muscle (VSM) contraction involves Rho-dependent and Rho-kinase-dependent suppression of myosin phosphatase activity. We previously demonstrated that excitatory agonists in fact induce activation of RhoA in VSM. In this study, we demonstrate a novel Ca2+-dependent mechanism for activating RhoA in rabbit aortic VSM. High(More)
Evidence that Rho-kinase is involved in cerebral infarction has accumulated. However, it is uncertain whether Rho-kinase is activated in the brain parenchyma in cerebral infarction. To answer this question, we measured Rho-kinase activity in the brain in a rat cerebral infarction model. Sodium laurate was injected into the left internal carotid artery,(More)
Mammalian homologues of Drosophila transient receptor potential (TRP) proteins are responsible for receptor-activated Ca(2+) influx in vertebrate cells. We previously reported the involvement of intracellular Ca(2+) in the receptor-mediated activation of mammalian canonical transient receptor potential 5 (TRPC5) channels. Here we investigated the role of(More)
1. Activation of protein kinase C (PKC) by phorbol 12,13-dibutylate (PDBu, 1 microm) induced sustained contractions with no increase in [Ca2+]i in nonpregnant and pregnant human myometria. The contractile effects of PDBu in pregnant myometrium were much greater than those in nonpregnant myometrium, and the contractions in pregnant myometrium were(More)
BACKGROUND Rho-kinase (ROCK) is a downstream effector of Rho GTPase that is known to regulate various pathological processes important to the development of ischemic stroke, such as thrombus formation, inflammation, and vasospasm. Inhibition of ROCK leads to decreased infarct size in animal models of ischemic stroke. This study tests the hypothesis that(More)