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A concept of "pinched flow fractionation" for the continuous size separation and analysis of particles in microfabricated devices has been proposed and demonstrated. In this method, particles suspended in liquid were continuously introduced into a microchannel having a pinched segment and were aligned to one sidewall in the pinched segment by another liquid(More)
We propose here a new method for continuous concentration and classification of particles in microfluidic devices, named hydrodynamic filtration. When a particle is flowing in a microchannel, the center position of the particle cannot be present in a certain distance from sidewalls, which is equal to the particle radius. The proposed method utilizes this(More)
Plant cells in suspension culture tend to aggregate and form large clumps. In suspension culture, large cell aggregates are frequently subjected to hydrodynamic shear stress; however, a certain degree of cell aggregation is often required for cell growth and metabolite production. Thus, controlling cell-aggregate size is desired to establish high(More)
A liquid-core alginate-membrane capsule was prepared by a novel method using polyethylene glycol as a thickener and the cells of Saccharomyces cerevisiae were encapsulated in its core and cultured. After 24 h of cultivation, the cell concentration in the capsule core-liquid reached 222 microg/mm3 on a dry weight basis, which was 1.4 times as large as that(More)
Here we demonstrate the production of stripe-patterned heterogeneous hydrogel sheets for the high-density 3D coculture of multiple cell types, by using microchannel-combined micronozzle devices. The prepared hydrogel sheet, composed of multiple regions with varying physical stiffness, regulates the direction of proliferation of encapsulated cells and(More)
Multilayered microfluidic devices with a micronozzle array structure have been developed to prepare unique hydrogel microfibers with highly complex cross-sectional morphologies. Hydrogel precursor solutions with different compositions are introduced through vertical micronozzles, united and focused, and continuously gelled to form hydrogel fibers with(More)
The authors isolated numerous microorganisms with the capacity to assimilate large amounts of benzoate from many soil samples. Several of them were selected and subjected to mutation mainly by ultraviolet irradiation. One mutant lacking active muconate-lactonizing enzyme, the parent strain of which was identified as belonging to the genus Arthrobacter, was(More)
Liver is composed of various kinds of cells, including hepatic parenchymal cells (hepatocytes) and nonparenchymal cells, and separation of these cells is essential for cellular therapies and pharmacological and metabolic studies. Here, we present microfluidic devices for purely hydrodynamic and size-dependent separation of liver cells, which utilize(More)
We propose herein an improved microfluidic system for continuous and precise particle separation. We have previously proposed a method for particle separation called "pinched flow fractionation." Using the previously reported method, particles can be continuously separated according to differences in their diameters, simply by introducing liquid flows with(More)
In this report, a microfluidic system is presented for continuous and size-dependent separation of droplets utilizing microscale hydrodynamics. The separation scheme is based on laminar-flow focusing and spreading in a pinched microchannel, referred to as "pinched flow fractionation (PFF)", which was previously developed for the size-dependent separation of(More)