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Potent interleukin-1 (IL-1) activity was detected in culture supernatants from synovium, obtained by arthroscopy, from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients but not from non-RA patients. Production of IL-1 by RA synovium correlated well with findings of inflammation on arthroscopy and HLA-DR expression in immunohistochemical staining. Furthermore, there was a(More)
We have cloned adherent synovial cells from rheumatoid synovitis. These can be generally divided into three types, including cells that have the characteristic features of dendritic cells (DCs), macrophagelike cells (MCs) and fibroblastlike cells (FCs), as classified by morphology and immunofluorescent staining. The cloned cells were able to divide and were(More)
We investigated the bucillamine (Buc) mechanism inhibiting interleukin (IL)-1beta-induced vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) production from human fibroblast-like synoviocytes (HFLS) which derived from the inflamed synovium of an RA patient using SA981, its active metabolite. HFLS did not produce IL-1beta, spontaneously. While SA981 partially(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent inducer of angiogenesis and is constitutively expressed in the synovium of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Over-expression of VEGF may play an important role in pathogenic vascularization and synovial hyperplasia of RA. In the present study, we examined whether disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs),(More)
Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) and interleukin 1 activities were assayed simultaneously in the serum free medium from the unstimulated peripheral blood monocytes from 32 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), 11 patients with osteoarthritis, and 25 normal controls matched for age and sex. Angiotensin converting enzyme activity was raised in most(More)
We investigated the effects of marimastat, an inhibitor of TNF-alpha converting enzyme and matrix metalloproteinases, and anti-TNF-alpha antibodies on a murine model for sepsis, and on arthritis in human TNF-alpha transgenic mice. Marimastat (25-200 mg/kg) inhibited lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced soluble TNF-alpha production in mice in a dose-dependent(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine whether different combinations of disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs), including bucillamine (BUC), gold sodium thiomalate (GST), methotrexate (MTX), salazosulphapyridine (SASP) and dexamethasone (DEX; a steroid), act by inhibiting the production of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and basic fibroblast growth factor(More)
Pyrogen-free cartilage fragments from patients with fracture, osteoarthritis, or rheumatoid arthritis were found to stimulate the production of interleukin-1 alpha-like and interleukin-1 beta-like factor by peripheral blood mononuclear cells from healthy individuals and rheumatoid arthritis patients. The stimulatory cartilaginous component was type II(More)
Angiotensin converting enzyme was assayed in serum free culture supernatants from unstimulated rheumatoid nodule cells. Angiotensin converting enzyme was released spontaneously and the angiotensin converting enzyme derived from rheumatoid nodule cells was suppressed in a dose and time dependent manner by the protein synthesis inhibitor cycloheximide. These(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is known to play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis. In the present study, we demonstrate the effects of SA13353 (1-[2-(1-Adamantyl)ethyl]-1-pentyl-3-[3-(4-pyridyl)propyl]urea), a novel orally active inhibitor of TNF-alpha production, in animal models, and its mechanism of action on TNF-alpha(More)