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Cantilevers fabricated by means of micromachining techniques are usually used for atomic force microscopy. In this paper, the spring constant of an atomic force microscope (AFM) cantilever is determined by using a large-scale cantilever. Since the spring constant of the large-scale cantilever is calibrated accurately, the spring constant of the AFM(More)
Spectral clustering is a powerful clustering method for document data set. However, spectral clustering needs to solve an eigenvalue problem of the matrix converted from the similarity matrix corresponding to the data set. Therefore, it is not practical to use spectral clustering for a large data set. To overcome this problem, we propose the method to(More)
Rhododendrol, an inhibitor of melanin synthesis developed for lightening/whitening cosmetics, was recently reported to induce a depigmentary disorder principally at the sites of repeated chemical contact. Rhododendrol competitively inhibited mushroom tyrosinase and served as a good substrate, while it also showed cytotoxicity against cultured human(More)
Nanoparticles, spherical particles with diameters less than 100 nm, are promising theranostic devices for noninvasive diagnosis and therapy. In this study, nanoparticles composed of polyethylene glycol and silica were prepared, and their migration behavior was examined using capillary electrophoresis. The effects of the sodium dodecyl sulfate concentration(More)
[reaction: see text] Highly efficient C2 selective substitution reactions of 2,3-epoxy alcohols with nucleophiles were developed by using NaN(3)-(CH(3)O)(3)B, NaSPh-(CH(3)O)(3)B, or NaCN-(C(2)H(5)O)(3)B system. The reaction proceeds through novel endo-mode epoxide opening of an intramolecular boron chelate, which was suggested from both experimental and(More)
When grasping an object, friction forces are sometimes utilized effectively. This friction forces allows us to manipulate the object to various directions. Regarding such a grasped object posture, we reported an analysis on the 2D-space grasping with two contact points. Selecting the square sum of the contact forces as an evaluation function of the object(More)
When grasping an object, friction forces are sometimes utilized. Because of this friction forces, the object is manipulable to various direction. In this paper, we discuss which direction is best when contact points, the number of which is two in the 2D-space grasping or three in the 3D one, are assigned. To evaluate the object direction, we focus on the(More)