Minoru Otokawa

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Action of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the preoptic area and anterior hypothalamus (PO/AH) has been implicated to regulate body temperature (T(b)). However, its precise role in thermoregulation remains unclear. Moreover, little is known about its release pattern in the PO/AH during active thermoregulation. Using microdialysis and telemetry techniques,(More)
In crustacean neurogenic hearts, the myocardium contracts under the tight control of rhythmically active neurons of the cardiac ganglion located inside the heart. We demonstrated that the myocardium of Bathynomus doederleini was sensitive to glutamate, quisqualate, and kainate, and that the tension of myocardial cells developed in a dose-dependent manner.(More)
New inbred strains of guinea pigs, JY 1, JY 2, JY 3, JY 6, JY 9 and JY 10 have been established in this Institute. Serologic studies of guinea pig leukocyte antigens (GPLA antigens) were carried out in order to examine their major histocompatibility complex (GPLA complex). Antisera specific for Ia antigens were raised by cross-immunization of NIH strain 2(More)
The constituent elements of the gills of Aplysia kurodai and A. juliana were examined for the presence of biogenic amines using histochemical, immunocytochemical, and HPLC techniques. Aminergic elements were revealed by glyoxylic acid-induced fluorescence in the branchial nerve, branchial ganglion, branchial vessels, and pinnules in both species. Three(More)
We recently reported that perfusion of tetrodotoxin (TTX) into the preoptic area and anterior hypothalamus (PO/AH), by using a microdialysis technique, induced an increase in body temperature (Tb) under normal and hot ambient temperatures (23 and 35 degrees C) in freely moving rats. However, the procedure had no effect on Tb under a cold ambient temperature(More)
Although many studies has been shown that serotonin (5-HT) in the preoptic area and anterior hypothalamus (PO/AH) is important for regulating body temperature (Tb), the exact role is not established yet due to conflicting results probably related to experimental techniques or conditions such as the use of anesthesia. The purpose of present study was to(More)
Experiments were performed on mice to investigate the effects of pertussis toxin (PT) on delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) to ovalbumin (OA) and on the activity of suppressor T cells on the DTH (DTH-Ts). Mice immunized with alum-precipitated ovalbumin showed a transient DTH, which was determined as footpad swelling which disappeared 2 weeks after(More)
The effect of highly purified leukocytosis (lymphocytosis)-promoting factor (LPF) of Bordetella pertussis on physical lymphocyte and reticuloepithelial (RE) cell association was studied in an in vitro thymus model. First, a simplified in vitro system to assess the lympho-RE-cell association was developed. A completely confluent layer of thymic RE cells was(More)
To examine the role of monoamines and amino acids in thermoregulation, we measured their concentrations in the preoptic area and anterior hypothalamus (PO/AH) in exercising rats, using an in vivo microdialysis technique. Body temperature (Tb) was monitored using a telemetry system. Tb increase by about 1.0 degrees C in the first 15 min of treadmill exercise(More)
A microbore column high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) system was used to measure neurotransmitters in tissue extracts and in vivo microdialysates obtained from the preoptic area (PO) and anterior hypothalamus (AH) of rats. The extracts contained norepinephrine, epinephrine, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), dopamine, 5-hydroxyindoleacetic(More)