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The role of T helper type 1 (Th1) and Th2 cells in tumor immunity was investigated using Th cells induced from ovalbumin (OVA)-specific T cell receptor transgenic mice. Although Th1 cells exhibited stronger cytotoxicity than Th2 cells, both cell types completely eradicated tumors when transferred into mice bearing A20 tumor cells transfected with the OVA(More)
In vivo administration of NKT cell ligand, alpha-galactosylceramide (alpha-GalCer), caused the activation of NKT cells to induce a strong NK activity and cytokine production by CD1d-restricted mechanisms. Surprisingly, we also found that alpha-GalCer induced the activation of immunoregulatory cells involved in acquired immunity. Specifically, in vivo(More)
To investigate the precise role of antigen-specific Th1 and Th2 cells in tumor immunity, we developed a novel adoptive tumor-immunotherapy model using OVA-specific Th1 and Th2 cells and an OVA gene-transfected tumor. This therapeutic model demonstrated that both antigen-specific Th1 and Th2 cells had strong antitumor activity in vivo with distinct(More)
alpha-Galactosylceramide (alpha-GalCer), a glycolipid antigen, specifically activates natural killer T (NKT) cells by a CD1d-restricted mechanism. In this work, we found that in vivo administration of alpha-GalCer resulted in the activation of B cells in addition to NKT cells, namely, alpha-GalCer administration caused upregulation of the early activation(More)
BACKGROUND In 2009, the rate of thoracoscopic esophagectomy for esophageal cancer was about 20% in Japan. This low rate may be due to the difficulty in maintaining a good surgical field and the meticulous procedures that are required. The purpose of this study was to establish and evaluate a new procedure for performing a thoracoscopic esophagectomy while(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatic hydrothorax is defined as a pleural effusion that arises in patients with cirrhosis of the liver and no cardiopulmonary disease; it is believed to result from peritoneopleural communication through a defect in the diaphragm. METHODS Nine patients underwent thoracoscopic pleurodesis. The diaphragmatic defect was detected and corrected in(More)
Three distinct bone marrow (BM)-derived dendritic cells (BMDC) were expanded from BALB/c BM cells by culture with (i) granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) plus IL-3, (ii) GM-CSF, IL-3 plus T(h)1-biasing cytokines (IL-12 and IFN-gamma) or (iii) GM-CSF, IL-3 plus T(h)2-biasing cytokines (IL-4). All of these cells expressed the DC-specific(More)
Th1 and Th2 cells, which were induced from naive T cells of TCR-transgenic mice, showed differential sensitivity to activation-induced cell death (AICD) triggered by stimulation with anti-CD3 monoclonal antibody. The Th1 cells showed more rapid AICD than Th2 cells. This accelerated AICD of Th1 cells was strongly blocked by protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitors(More)
The combined therapeutic effect of natural killer T (NKT) cell ligand alpha-galactosylceramide (alpha-GalCer) and IL-12 against highly metastatic B16-BL6-HM melanoma cells was investigated. In comparison with a single administration of alpha-GalCer or IL-12, the combined treatment of tumor-bearing mice with alpha-GalCer plus IL-12 caused a super-induction(More)
The role of natural killer T (NKT) cells in the prevention of multiple tumor metastasis was examined. The i.v. inoculation of a highly metastatic subline of B16-BL6 (B16-BL6-HM) melanoma cells resulted in the formation of metastatic nodules in lymph nodes in addition to lung, intrapleural cavity, and ovary. However, treatment of the mice with the NKT cell(More)