Minoru Maeda

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Cerebral ischemic cellular swelling occurs primarily in astrocytes. This water influx into the intracellular space is believed to result from osmotic water movement after disruption of membrane ionic homeostasis. However, cellular swelling occurs earlier than expected after ischemia and new ionic and water channels have been discovered. This study examined(More)
The clinical effects of plasma exchange and high dose intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) were evaluated in a 41 year old woman with Isaacs' syndrome. After double filtration plasma exchange, symptoms almost disappeared for two to three weeks and the recorded continuous muscle action potentials were considerably decreased. Symptoms recurred within a few(More)
BACKGROUND Extensive cerebral hemispheric infarction associated with massive brain swelling is known as malignant infarction because of the rapid clinical deterioration and mortality as high as 80% unless appropriate treatment is performed. Decompressive craniectomy is an effective treatment, but patient selection, timing, functional recovery, and(More)
Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) tends to occur in elderly patients with a history of mild head injury at a few months prior to the onset of symptoms. Intracranial arachnoid cyst is believed to be congenital and sometimes becomes symptomatic in pediatric patients. These two distinct clinical entities sporadically occur in the same young patient. Twelve of(More)
Intracranial pseudoaneurysm formation due to ruptured non-traumatic saccular aneurysm is extremely rare. We experienced two cases of large pseudoaneurysm formation due to rupture of a saccular aneurysm. The neuroradiological ghost-like appearance of the aneurysms led to misdiagnoses as large partially thrombosed aneurysm. Two cases of large intracranial(More)
Cervical spondylotic amyotrophy (CSA) is a rare type of cervical spondylotic disorder. The surgical treatment of CSA is controversial. We treated three patients with the proximal type of CSA by anterior decompression. Three men (65, 61, and 58 years old) presented with CSA manifesting as unilateral muscle weakness and atrophy in the deltoid and biceps(More)
The effect of transplantation of adult bone marrow stromal cells (MSCs) into the freeze-lesioned left barrel field cortex in the rat was investigated by measurement of local cerebral glucose utilization (lCMR(glc)) in the anatomic structures of the whisker-to-barrel cortex sensory pathway. Bone marrow stromal cells or phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) were(More)
High-affinity iodine- and ethyl-C-5 substituted analogs of 4-hydroxy-3-(3-[11C]methoxyphenyl)-2(1H)-quinolone ([11C]4HQ) were synthesized as new positron emission tomography radioligands for the glycine-binding sites of the N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) ion channel. Although both radioligands showed high in vitro specific binding to rat brain slices, their(More)
A carbon-11 labeled methoxyl analog of CP-101,606, (+/-)threo-1-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-2-[4-hydroxy-4-(p-[11C]methoxyphenyl)piperidino]-1-propanol [(+/-)[11C]1], was synthesized as a new subtype-selective PET radioligand for NMDA receptors. The in vitro binding studies using rat brain slices demonstrated that (+/-)[11C]1 shows an extremely high-specific binding(More)