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OBJECTIVE To assess the efficacy and safety of golimumab + methotrexate (MTX) in Japanese patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS 269 Japanese patients with active RA despite treatment with MTX were randomised (1:1:1) to placebo + MTX (Group 1), golimumab 50 mg + MTX (Group 2) or golimumab 100 mg + MTX (Group 3). Subcutaneous(More)
Lung cancer is one of the leading causes of the cancer death worldwide. Gefitinib is an inhibitor of the tyrosine kinase activity of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and has been introduced in the treatment of advanced lung cancers. The responsiveness to gefitinib has been linked to the presence of EGFR mutations. Clinical samples contain many(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy and safety of golimumab 50 and 100 mg monotherapy in Japanese patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) despite treatment with disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs). METHODS A total of 316 patients were randomised to receive subcutaneous injections every 4 weeks of placebo (group 1), golimumab 50 mg (group(More)
Allergic airway inflammation is generally considered a Th2-type immune response. Recent studies, however, demonstrated that Th17-type immune responses also play important roles in this process, especially in the pathogenesis of neutrophilic airway inflammation, a hallmark of severe asthma. We previously reported that dendritic cells release dopamine to(More)
BACKGROUND COPD is defined by airflow limitation that is not fully reversible and is associated with relevant risk factors. The diagnosis requires that other causes of chronic airflow limitation (CAL) be excluded. We assessed the diagnostic utility of high resolution thoracic CT (HRCT) and bronchodilator reversibility to assist in making a diagnosis of(More)
OBJECTIVE Chronic Chlamydia pneumoniae infection has been identified serologically in patients with COPD. The aim of this study was to examine whether the severity of emphysema is related to elevated antibody titres against C. pneumoniae. METHODOLOGY We measured antibody titres against C. pneumoniae using ELISA, and assessed the severity of emphysema by(More)
BACKGROUND Omalizumab, an anti-immunoglobulin E monoclonal antibody, has shown an inhibitory effect on airway inflammation, which may be associated with clinical improvement of severe asthma. This study evaluated changes in airway inflammation and cytokine release by the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of Japanese patients with severe asthma(More)
Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) has a poor prognosis, and conventional imaging modalities do not reflect the prognosis of MPM. In this study, the clinical significance of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography fusion imaging (18F-FDG PET/CT) was evaluated for the differential diagnosis, staging and prognosis in MPM(More)
Mutations in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) are observed in a fraction of non-small-cell lung cancers (NSCLS). EGFR mutation-positive NSCLS responds to gefitinib. Secondary T790M mutation confers gefitinib resistance to NSCLS. A detection test for the T790M mutation was designed based on the peptide nucleic acid-locked nucleic acid polymerase(More)