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The first asymmetric Pd(II)/Pd(IV) catalysis has been achieved by employing the combination of a hypervalent iodine reagent and a chiral ligand, SPRIX. Enantioselective cyclization of enyne derivatives catalyzed by the Pd-i-Pr-SPRIX complex furnished lactones bearing a bicyclo[3.1.0]hexane skeleton with up to 95% ee.
Inter- and intramolecular additions of alkyl radicals, generated by SET photochemical decarboxylation reactions of free carboxylic acids, to electron-deficient alkenes take place under mild conditions as part of efficient routes for the formation of N-Boc gamma-amino acids and macrocyclic lactones.
An enantioselective synthesis of tetrahydropyrrolo[1,2-c]pyrimidine-1,3-diones via a palladium-catalyzed intramolecular oxidative aminocarbonylation is described. The carbon-carbon double bond of alkenylurea substrates has been shown to react intramolecularly with a nitrogen nucleophile in the presence of a palladium catalyst under a carbon monoxide… (More)
The decarboxylation of free carboxylic acids was effected by a photogenerated cation radical of phenanthrene to yield the reduction product in the presence of a thiol, which provides an alternative method to the Barton decarboxylation procedure for aliphatic acids such as N-Boc amino acids.
Planktonic metabolism plays crucial roles in Earth's elemental cycles. Chemical speciation as well as elemental stoichiometry is important for advancing our understanding of planktonic roles in biogeochemical cycles. In this study, a multicomponent solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) approach is proposed for chemical speciation of cellular… (More)
A new method for the synthesis of macrocyclic lactones, lactams, and ketones, which utilizes photoinduced intramolecular radical cyclization reactions of substrates containing tethered carboxylic acids and α,β-unsaturated carbonyl moieties, has been uncovered. Photocyclization of the carboxylic acids tethered acrylate ester, which were prepared starting… (More)
Single electron transfer (SET)-photochemical decarboxylation of free carboxylic acids was performed in a polar solvent using several arenes such as phenanthrene, naphthalene, 1-methylnaphthalene, biphenyl, triphenylene, and chrysene in the presence of various electron acceptors such as 1,2-, 1,3-, and 1,4-dicyanobenzenes, methyl 4-cyanobenzoate, and… (More)
In the crystal structure of TBM-trihydrate three waters of crystallization were found to locate dissymmetrically. Thus, one of them forms a chelated ring with the neighboring C=O and N-H of TBM. Two other ones bind each other through hydrogen bonding and two sets of which form a cyclic dimer by hydrogen bonding (namely, water-tetramer). A C=O group binds by… (More)
The bulky and amphiphilic nature of tryptophan residues makes them particularly interesting components of proteins. In bacteriorhodopsin, four of the eight tryptophan residues are in the active site, forming parts of the retinal binding pocket. In this work, we use solid-state NMR to study the interactions of the tryptophan residues in wild-type… (More)
attracted considerable interest in recent years, especially in relation to homeostases of lifeforms. Among such recognitions, hydrogen bonding is the most frequently evaluated, since it is indispensable for nucleic acid derivatives to hybridize and function. The key components in hydrogen-bond formations of biomolecules are defined as amide (or lactam)… (More)