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The bulky and amphiphilic nature of tryptophan residues makes them particularly interesting components of proteins. In bacteriorhodopsin, four of the eight tryptophan residues are in the active site, forming parts of the retinal binding pocket. In this work, we use solid-state NMR to study the interactions of the tryptophan residues in wild-type(More)
Inter- and intramolecular additions of alkyl radicals, generated by SET photochemical decarboxylation reactions of free carboxylic acids, to electron-deficient alkenes take place under mild conditions as part of efficient routes for the formation of N-Boc gamma-amino acids and macrocyclic lactones.
An enantioselective synthesis of tetrahydropyrrolo[1,2-c]pyrimidine-1,3-diones via a palladium-catalyzed intramolecular oxidative aminocarbonylation is described. The carbon-carbon double bond of alkenylurea substrates has been shown to react intramolecularly with a nitrogen nucleophile in the presence of a palladium catalyst under a carbon monoxide(More)
Planktonic metabolism plays crucial roles in Earth's elemental cycles. Chemical speciation as well as elemental stoichiometry is important for advancing our understanding of planktonic roles in biogeochemical cycles. In this study, a multicomponent solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) approach is proposed for chemical speciation of cellular(More)
The first asymmetric Pd(II)/Pd(IV) catalysis has been achieved by employing the combination of a hypervalent iodine reagent and a chiral ligand, SPRIX. Enantioselective cyclization of enyne derivatives catalyzed by the Pd-i-Pr-SPRIX complex furnished lactones bearing a bicyclo[3.1.0]hexane skeleton with up to 95% ee.
A new method for the synthesis of macrocyclic lactones, lactams, and ketones, which utilizes photoinduced intramolecular radical cyclization reactions of substrates containing tethered carboxylic acids and α,β-unsaturated carbonyl moieties, has been uncovered. Photocyclization of the carboxylic acids tethered acrylate ester, which were prepared starting(More)
Single electron transfer (SET)-photochemical decarboxylation of free carboxylic acids was performed in a polar solvent using several arenes such as phenanthrene, naphthalene, 1-methylnaphthalene, biphenyl, triphenylene, and chrysene in the presence of various electron acceptors such as 1,2-, 1,3-, and 1,4-dicyanobenzenes, methyl 4-cyanobenzoate, and(More)
In the crystal structure of TBM-trihydrate three waters of crystallization were found to locate dissymmetrically. Thus, one of them forms a chelated ring with the neighboring C=O and N-H of TBM. Two other ones bind each other through hydrogen bonding and two sets of which form a cyclic dimer by hydrogen bonding (namely, water-tetramer). A C=O group binds by(More)
Ergosterol peroxide (EPO, 1) is a major antitumor sterol produced by edible or medicinal mushrooms. Following oral administration of 1 to rats or anaerobic in vitro incubation of 1 with rat fecal bacteria, three metabolites were detected and their structures were identified to be 5alpha,6alpha-epoxyergosta-8(14),22-diene-3beta,7alpha-diol (M1, 2),(More)