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Strenuous exercise reduces immune cell function and increases the risk of respiratory and gastrointestinal infections. In addition, it affects mood state and causes physical fatigue. Athletes require both mental and physical conditioning to execute good performance. In this study, we conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial to(More)
BACKGROUND Seasonal allergic rhinitis (SAR) induced by Japanese cedar pollen is a substantial problem in Japan. Sublingual immuno-therapy (SLIT) is safer than conventional antigen-specific immunotherapy, the only treatment modality by which complete cure of the disease can be expected. We investigated the safety and efficacy of SLIT in the treatment of(More)
BACKGROUND Although currently in its infancy, quality of life (QOL) research in Japan is rapidly expanding and is expected to become a standard outcome measure in clinical trials. In Japan, QOL has not previously been assessed in patients with allergic rhinitis (AR); we report the first clinical study applying the recently validated Japanese translations of(More)
OBJECTIVE In anticipation of the development of guidelines for antigen-specific subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT), we present recommendations that can serve as guiding principles based on a review of the scientific literature. METHODS Clinical questions (CQs) concerning SCIT were prepared. Literature searches for publications between January 1990 and(More)
OBJECTIVE In practical guidelines for management of allergic rhinitis in Japan, pranlukast is a leukotriene receptor antagonist recommended for the treatment of pollinosis. However, the effect of pranlukast on nasal symptoms for cedar pollinosis has not been thoroughly investigated. The aim of this study is to examine this effect in a double-blind(More)
The incidence of Japanese cedar pollinosis is estimated to be about 13% of the Japanese population. In Japan it is generic to wear a facemask and eyeglasses to prevent pollen inhalation. We examined the usefulness of a facemask and eyeglasses in cooperation with volunteers. The number of pollen particles in the nasal cavity and on the conjunctiva was(More)
The prevalence of pollinosis caused by cedar pollen has increased by 10% these ten years of 26.5% in the investigation of 2008 in Japan. The pharmacotherapy is a main treatment tool for pollinosis, and the surgical treatment is not acknowledged to the treatment of pollinosis internationally. Moreover, allergen immunotherapy enters a special treatment(More)
BACKGROUND Based on subjective symptom, it has been documented that so high as 21 to 62% of patients with Japanese cedar pollinosis has pollinosis symptom before the start of pollen season. Since this is not objectively evidenced, we aimed to clarify whether or not it is true. METHOD We quantified intranasal pollen by means of our nasal lavage method in(More)
BACKGROUND Epinastine hydrochloride and fexofenadine hydrochloride, the second-generation antihistamines, are largely used in the indication of allergic rhinitis in Japan. The purpose of this study was to compare the protective efficacy of epinastine hydrochloride or fexofenadine hydrochloride using a nasal provocation test with Japanese cedar pollen(More)
BACKGROUND An artificial exposure chamber (OHIO Chamber), which allows dispersal of a fixed concentration of Japanese cedar (JC) pollen under stable conditions, was constructed. This study was conducted to identify the exposure conditions assuring validity of the clinical tests conducted using this chamber. METHODS Twenty-four adult patients with JC(More)