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OBJECTIVE To clarify the incidence and predictive risk factors of cervical spine instabilities which may induce compression myelopathy in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS Three types of cervical spine instability were radiographically categorized into "moderate" and "severe" based on atlantoaxial subluxation (AAS: atlantodental interval >3(More)
INTRODUCTION The longitudinal degradation mechanism of extracellular matrix (ECM) in the interbertebral disc remains unclear. Our objective was to elucidate catabolic and anabolic gene expression profiles and their balances in intervertebral disc degeneration using a static compression model. METHODS Forty-eight 12-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rat tails(More)
INTRODUCTION Intervertebral disc tissue homeostasis is modulated by a variety of molecules. Silent mating type information regulator 2 homolog 1 (SIRT1) plays a key role in various physiological processes. The aim of the present study was to verify the expression of SIRT1 and determine SIRT1 function in human intervertebral disc cell homeostasis. METHODS(More)
OBJECT The purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of a high-porosity hydroxyapatite (HA) spacer in cervical laminoplasty. Bone-spacer bonding rates, complications associated with the implant, and factors related to bone bonding were examined. METHODS The authors evaluated 33 consecutive patients with cervical myelopathy who underwent(More)
OBJECT The authors describe 4 cases of delayed dural laceration by hydroxyapatite (HA) spacer causing tetra-paresis following double-door laminoplasty. There are few reports of iatrogenic spinal cord lesions developing after double-door laminoplasty, although some complications such as postoperative C-5 paralysis or axial symptoms have been reported. The(More)
A halo orthosis is often used to immobilize the cervical spine after severe injury in patients who cannot tolerate surgery. Although complications such as pin loosening or brain abscess have been reported, there are no reported cases of hemiparesis following pneumocephalus associated with halo use. The authors report the case of a 77-year-old man with(More)
We describe a patient with a traumatic spondylolisthesis of L5 and multiple, bilateral pedicle fractures from L2 to L5. Conservative treatment was chosen, with eventual neurological recovery and bony union. We are not aware of previous reports of this pattern of injury.
STUDY DESIGN This prospective study analyzed preoperative and postoperative dynamic changes of the spinal cord in patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy. OBJECTIVE (1) To study preoperative kinematic characteristics of the spinal cord in patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy and compare results with healthy individuals, (2) to understand(More)
BACKGROUND Intermittent claudication is a common symptom of both lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) and peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in middle-aged and elderly people. However, the prevalence and clinical characteristics of LSS with PAD (LSSPAD) have not been investigated in a multicenter study. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and(More)
A 75-year-old male presented with progressive myelopathy due to massive retro-odontoid deposits of calcium pyrophosphate dehydrate (CPPD) crystals. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a non-enhanced isointense extradural mass on a T1-weighted image and a heterogeneous intense mass on a T2-weighted image. Computed tomography (CT) showed linear calcification(More)