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BACKGROUND Epidemiological studies have raised awareness of the problem of undiagnosed kidney disease and suggest that early identification and treatment will reduce the global burden of patients requiring dialysis. However, there are insufficient data on how to identify subjects who are at risk for developing overt kidney disease in a human(More)
Atazanavir is commonly used as one of the key drugs in combination antiretroviral therapy for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). However, atazanavir has the potential to yield its crystalline precipitation in urine and renal interstitial tissues, leading to crystalluria, urolithiasis, acute kidney injury (AKI) or chronic kidney disease (CKD). In(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic kidney disease (CKD) seems to be common in long-term survivors of haematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). However, the range of its frequency is very wide, likely due to variability in the definitions of CKD and the periods of follow-up. METHODS We conducted a cross-sectional and retrospective study in 158 adults who received(More)
BACKGROUND Scavenger receptors (SRs) play a pivotal role in atherogenesis. The mechanism of atherosclerosis, which is specific to hemodialysis (HD) patients, was studied on the basis of SR gene expressions. METHODS The gene expressions of SR type A (SR-A) and CD36 were studied in peripheral monocytes by real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain(More)
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