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OBJECTIVE To describe the presentation and management of encephalitis due to human herpes 6 virus (HHV-6) in patients who underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (alloHSCT), via retrospective chart review. METHODS Of the 243 patients who underwent alloHSCT at the NIH Clinical Center during 2009 to 2011, we retrospectively analyzed 9(More)
Invasive fungal infection (IFI) is a leading cause of infection-related mortality among patients with cancer and prolonged neutropenia and among allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients with graft-versus-host disease. Invasive candidiasis was the principal IFI in the period predating fluconazole prophylaxis, whereas today, invasive(More)
HLA disparity has a negative impact on the outcomes of hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). We studied the independent impact of amino acid substitution (AAS) at peptide-binding positions 9, 99, 116, and 156, and killer immunoglobulin-like receptor binding position 77 of HLA-A, B, or C, on the risks for grade 3-4 acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD),(More)
In subjects mismatched in the HLA alleles C*03:03/C*03:04 no allogeneic cytotoxic T-lymphocyte responses are detected in vitro. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) with unrelated donors (UDs) showed no association between the HLA-C allele mismatches (CAMMs) and adverse outcomes; antigen mismatches at this and mismatches other HLA loci are(More)
AML is a diagnosis encompassing a diverse group of myeloid malignancies. Heterogeneous genetic etiology, together with the potential for oligoclonality within the individual patient, have made the identification of a single high-sensitivity marker of disease burden challenging. We developed a multiple gene measurable residual disease (MG-MRD) RQ-PCR array(More)
(ibrutinib) or PI3Kd inhibitor (CAL-101) results in increased resistance to antitumor activity of anti-CD20 mAbs. Current study demonstrates that BCR inhibitors strongly down-regulate CD20 expression in tumor cells, leading to decreased binding of anti-CD20 mAbs to the surface of tumor cells and impairment of CDC and ADCC mechanisms that mediate antitumor(More)
The DR15 allele at the HLA DRB1 locus is a marker for immune-mediated bone marrow failure syndromes. We hypothesized that HLA DR15 plays a role in T-cell interactions with hematopoiesis and investigated the role of HLA DR15 on graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and graft-versus-leukemia effects in HLA-matched allogeneic blood or marrow transplantation (BMT)(More)
The impact of HLA homozygosity at mismatched (MM) loci on the outcome of 2687 myeloablative unrelated donor hematopoietic cell transplantations performed for malignant disease was evaluated among 4 groups: 7/8 bidirectional MM transplants (donor and recipient heterozygous MM, n = 1393), 7/8 host-versus-graft (HVG) vector MM (recipient homozygous, n = 112),(More)
Background—T-cell large granular lymphocytic leukemia (T-LGL) is a lymphoproliferative disease presenting with immune-mediated cytopenias and characterized by clonal expansion of cytotoxic CD3 + CD8 + lymphocytes. Methotrexate, cyclosporine, or cyclophosphamide improve cytopenias in 50% of patients as first therapy, but the activity of an anti-CD52(More)
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a constellation of cardiovascular risk factors that increases the risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus and all cause mortality. Long-term survivors of hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) have a substantial risk of developing MetS and cardiovascular disease, with the estimated prevalence of MetS being 31-49%(More)