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OBJECTIVES To characterize biological response to subcutaneously implanted macroporous poly(ε-caprolactone/D,L-lactide)-based scaffolds, and to evaluate the effect of bioactive glass (BAG) filler and osteogenic cells to the tissue response and ectopic bone formation. MATERIAL AND METHODS In the first part of this study, six different scaffold types were(More)
The degradation rate of poly(lactic acid) (PLA) is typically modified by copolymerization of the glycolide with lactide. In the present study, the degradation rate of PDLLA was modified by a novel linking of PLA with 2,2'-bis(2-oxazoline). This modification resulted in formation of a more rapidly degrading poly(ester amide) (PEA) for controlled drug(More)
Average scaffold pore sizes in the order of several hundred microns are generally required for efficient bone tissue ingrowth in vivo, whereas the culture of large bone engineering constructs in vitro can require bioreactor cultures to decrease diffusional constraints on the cells. In this study, we prepared poly(epsilon-caprolactone/D,L-lactide)-based(More)
Three-dimensional printing (3DP) refers to a group of additive manufacturing techniques that can be utilized in tissue engineering applications. Fused deposition modeling (FDM) is a 3DP method capable of using common thermoplastic polymers. However, the scope of materials applicable for FDM has not been fully recognized. The purpose of this study was to(More)
CONCLUSIONS This study demonstrates proof of concept for controlled manufacturing methods that utilize novel tailored biopolymers (3D photocuring technology) or conventional bioresorbable polymers (fused deposition modeling, FDM) for macroscopic and microscopic geometry control. The manufactured scaffolds could be suitable for tissue engineering research.(More)
The aim of the study was to develop enzyme sensitive polymers for pharmaceutical applications. Thus, 2,2'-bis(2-oxazoline)-linked poly-epsilon-caprolactone (PCL-O) polymers were synthesized by using epsilon-caprolactone precursors with different molecular weights (M(n): 1500, 3900, 7500 and 12,000g/mol), and the effects of PCL block length on enzymatic(More)
Crosslinking is a feasible way to prepare biodegradable polymers with potential in biomedical applications such as controlled release of active agents and tissue engineering. A synthesis route in which functional telechelic aliphatic polyester oligomers are used as precursors for the preparation of crosslinked polyesters and poly(ester anhydride)s is(More)
Previously, we have demonstrated that 2,2-bis(2-oxazoline) linked poly-epsilon-caprolactone (PCL-O) is degraded in vitro enzymatically by surface erosion which could enable the novel use of this material for drug delivery and other biomedical applications. In this study, degradation, erosion (weight loss) and toxicity of PCL-O poly(ester-amide)s were(More)
PURPOSE This study aimed to explore if initiation of biomimetic apatite nucleation can be used to enhance osteoblast response to biodegradable tissue regeneration composite membranes. MATERIALS AND METHODS Bioactive thermoplastic composites consisting of poly(ε-caprolactone/DL-lactide) and bioactive glass (BAG) were prepared at different stages of(More)
In the present study, poly (epsilon -caprolactone) (PCL) was modified by introducing oxamide groups into PCL (PCL-O). The degradation (decrease in molecular weight) and erosion (weight loss) of PCL and PCL-O films were studied in PBS (pH 7.4, USP XXIV, 37 degrees C, 26 weeks incubation). The release rates of guaifenesin (M(w) 198.2), griseofulvin (M(w)(More)