Minmin Zhang

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G-protein coupled receptor 40 (GPR40), which is expressed ubiquitously in the human brain and pancreas, is a member of the large family of seven-transmembrane receptors and can be activated by polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA), in particular docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). Recent studies have shown that the DHA/GPR40 signaling pathway may be closely related(More)
This study aimed at an analysis of expression of epidermal-type and brain-type fatty acid-binding proteins (E-FABP and B-FABP, also called FABP5 and FABP7, respectively) in adult hippocampus and their potential value as neuroprotective factors after ischemic brain damage in monkey model. The immunostaining and Western blotting results show that FABP5 was(More)
BACKGROUND Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and inflammation both contribute to the progression of aldosterone-induced renal injury. To better understand the underlying mechanisms, we examined mitochondrial dysfunction and NLRP3 inflammasome activation in aldosterone-infused rats, and explored the role of rotenone in attenuating these injuries. MATERIAL AND(More)
Finasteride and epristeride both inhibit 5α-reductase with high potency via competitive and non-competitive mechanism, respectively. A new hybrid of finasteride and epristeride was designed as a new 5α-reductase inhibitor based on combination principles in medicinal chemistry. Human 5β-reductase was chosen as a plausible surrogate of 5α-reductase type II(More)
Bovine ephemeral fever (BEF) is caused by the arthropod-borne bovine ephemeral fever virus (BEFV), which is a member of the family Rhabdoviridae and the genus Ephemerovirus. BEFV causes an acute febrile infection in cattle and water buffalo. In this study, a recombinant Newcastle disease virus (NDV) expressing the glycoprotein (G) of BEFV (rL-BEFV-G) was(More)
Vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) causes severe losses to the animal husbandry industry. In this study, a recombinant Newcastle disease virus (NDV) expressing the glycoprotein (G) of VSV (rL-VSV-G) was constructed and its pathogenicity and immune protective efficacy in mouse were evaluated. In pathogenicity evaluation test, the analysis of the viral(More)
The cytological origin of central nervous system hemangioblastoma (HB) remains unclear and controversial, largely owing to a lack of in-depth characterization of tumorigenic cells and their progeny tracking. We have now detected a cell subpopulation by stage-specific embryonic antigen-1 expression, which were defined as tumor-initiating cells (TICs) in both(More)
The widely studied candidate genes of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, angiotensinogen (AGT), and angiotensin II receptor type 1 (AGTR1), are implicated in the development of diabetic nephropathy (DN). A number of studies have evaluated the association between the functional polymorphisms, AGT M235T and AGTR1 A1166C, and DN risk with conflicting(More)
Apoptosis contributes to tubular epithelial cell death and atrophy in aldosterone (Aldo)-induced renal injury. This study aimed to determine mechanisms underlying Aldo-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in tubular epithelial cells. Intracellular ROS generation was evaluated by 2',7'-dichlorofluorescin diacetate(More)
BACKGROUND Aldosterone plays an important role in fibrosis. Recent studies showed that Na(+)-H(+) exchanger isoform 1 (NHE1) is involved in mineralocorticoid-induced organ fibrosis. In this study, we examined the role of NHE1 in aldosterone-induced fibronectin accumulation in rat mesangial cells and the signaling pathway involved. METHODS We detected the(More)